Boosting investment in infrastructure and logistics, further liberalising the network industries, improving investment in human and knowledge-based capital to allow upgrading in the global value chains will be essential to enhance export performance.
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Between 2009 and 2013, public spending on health fell by EUR 5.2 billion – representing a 32% drop in real-terms. This reduction clearly represents a shock for the system to adsorb, even though it is clear that there were inefficiencies in the Greek system (for example, inappropriate prescribing, weak primary care, imbalances in the mix of health professionals).
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In the last 25 years Greece turned from an emigration to an immigration country. Today the country is faced with an unprecedented humanitarian crisis with the arrival of close to 950,000 people between January 2015 and February 2016.
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The state continues to exercise considerable influence on the Greek economy. According to the OECD’s Product Market Regulation indicator, Greece has one of the highest degrees of state control in the productive sectors across OECD countries.
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Public health spending in Greece fell by a third in real-terms between 2009 and 2013, with severe cuts across the board and changes to entitlement, benefits and user charges.
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PISA results show that Greece is not equipping its young people with the basic skills they need to compete in today’s world economy.
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The Ministry of Health is responsible for post-graduate medical training and determining the number of positions available. Once registered with the Physicians Association, application for post-graduate training is possible. The funding for post-graduate training comes from the National Health Service budget.
The Secretary-General presented the 2016 Economic Survey of Greece alongside Prime Minister Alexis Tsipras and held meetings with Greek ministers and officials.
It is very important to put this study in context. During the past six years, Greece has gone through an unprecedented and very painful contraction. It is hard to think of any other OECD country that has experienced such economic hardship in recent times.
Boosting economic growth and investment to create jobs, improve the stability of public finances and provide an effective social safety net are crucial to help Greece recover from the profound social costs of the economic crisis, says the OECD in its latest report.