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Greece is ranked 14th among the 34 OECD member countries in decreasing order with a tax wedge for an average single worker at 39.3% in 2015, compared with the OECD average of 35.9%. The country occupied the same position in 2014
The tax burden on labour income is expressed by the tax wedge, which is a measure of the net tax burden on labour income borne by the employee and the employer.
The 2015 edition of National Accounts of OECD Countries, General Government Accounts is an annual publication, dedicated to government finance which is based on the System of National Accounts 2008 (SNA 2008) for all countries except Chile, Japan, Korea and Turkey (SNA 1993). It includes tables showing government aggregates and balances for the production, income and financial accounts as well as detailed tax and social contribution receipts and a breakdown of expenditure of general government by function, according to the harmonised international classification, COFOG. These detailed accounts are available for the general government sector. Data also cover the following sub-sectors, according to availability: central government, state government, local government and social security funds.
The data in this publication are also available on line via www.oecd-ilibrary.org under the title OECD National Accounts Statistics, General Government Accounts (http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/na-gga-data-en and http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/na-gga08-data-en).
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In the last 25 years Greece turned from an emigration to an immigration country. Today the country is faced with an unprecedented humanitarian crisis with the arrival of close to 950,000 people between January 2015 and February 2016.
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The state continues to exercise considerable influence on the Greek economy. According to the OECD’s Product Market Regulation indicator, Greece has one of the highest degrees of state control in the productive sectors across OECD countries.
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Public health spending in Greece fell by a third in real-terms between 2009 and 2013, with severe cuts across the board and changes to entitlement, benefits and user charges.
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PISA results show that Greece is not equipping its young people with the basic skills they need to compete in today’s world economy.
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The Ministry of Health is responsible for post-graduate medical training and determining the number of positions available. Once registered with the Physicians Association, application for post-graduate training is possible. The funding for post-graduate training comes from the National Health Service budget.
The Secretary-General presented the 2016 Economic Survey of Greece alongside Prime Minister Alexis Tsipras and held meetings with Greek ministers and officials.
It is very important to put this study in context. During the past six years, Greece has gone through an unprecedented and very painful contraction. It is hard to think of any other OECD country that has experienced such economic hardship in recent times.