Subnational Governments in OECD countries: Key Data
The OECD gathers and publishes annually updated data on subnational governments in 35 OECD member countries, including:
Subnational Governments around the World: Structure and Finance
The OECD, in partnership with United Cities and Local Governments (UCLG), gathers and publishes data on subnational governments from 101 countries. A pilot study was publishin in October 2016 and includes:
The pilot study formed the basis for the World Observatory on Subnational Government Finance and Investment, officially launched in November 2017 when the Steering Committee first met in Paris. The World Observatory is multi-stakeholder initiative dedicated to collecting comparable data and information on subnational finance and territorial organisation from over 130 countries.
Subnational governments are key economic and policy actors across OECD countries. Int the OECD area, they represent, on average, 40% of public expenditure, 63% of total public staff expenditure, 59% of public investment, 32% of public tax revenue and 20% of public debt. However, there are huge disparities across the OECD countries regarding the importance of subnational governments as economic and policy actors in regional development.
The share of subnational governments in the general government sector
Source: OECD (2017), Subnational Governments in OECD Countries - Key Data, OECD Publishing, Paris
Subnational government expenditure by economic function
Source: OECD/UCLG (2016), Subnational Governments Around the World - Structure and Finance