Publications & Documents


10-August-2009

English, , 157kb

Economic Reforms in Angola in the General Context of Africa

This article addresses the political, social and broader economic context of public finance reforms in Angola, drawing upon historical perspectives of economic development in Africa and the country’s own experience. The article highlights changes in Angolan practices in line with generally accepted public finance principles, and demonstrates how these reforms occurred within a particular political economy and within sets of

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29-July-2009

English, , 210kb

Performance Budgeting in Korea

Korea is in the initial stages of implementing performance-based budgeting. The system was introduced as part of a comprehensive fiscal reform package in the late 1990s. This article discusses the background, framework and implementation of performance budgeting and its impact in the budget process.

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29-July-2009

English, , 242kb

Performance Budgeting in the United Kingdom

This article discusses the United Kingdom framework for performance budgeting and management and its evolution from 1998 onwards, primarily focused on the period 1998-2007. Public service agreements (PSAs) have moved away from inputs and processes to a focus on the outcomes that matter to public service users.

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29-July-2009

English, , 840kb

Structural Balance Policy in Chile

Since 2001 Chile’s fiscal policy has been built on the concept of a central government structural balance. The Fiscal Responsibility Law, passed in 2006, gave legal force to key aspects of the structural surplus and fiscal policy.

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29-July-2009

English, , 364kb

Budget Reform in China

China has made crucial progress in the field of public expenditure management in the past ten years. This article reviews the reforms in budget formulation, approval, implementation and audit. Some weaknesses remain: for example, important decisions are still made outside of the budget process; and the highly decentralised fiscal system means that achievements at the national level have not been implemented at provincial and lower

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29-July-2009

English, , 363kb

Performance Budgeting in the Netherlands

This article discusses the reforms introduced in the Netherlands since the 1980s to improve the transparency and efficiency of government programmes: programme budgeting, policy orientation, and interdepartmental policy reviews. The impact on the budget structure and process is described. An annex explains some typical characteristics of the Dutch budgetary process.

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29-July-2009

English, , 347kb

Performance Budgeting in Canada

This article describes the performance budgeting reforms of the government of Canada, the five main lessons learned over the past 30 years, and the current initiatives to strengthen performance measurement for the future.

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29-July-2009

English, , 797kb

The Dutch Fiscal Framework

Major features of the Dutch fiscal framework are the trend-based fiscal framework with real net expenditure ceilings for the whole term of government, the role of independent organisations like the Central Planning Bureau (CPB), Statistics Netherlands and the Netherlands Court of Audit, and the intermediary role of the National Advisory Group on Budgetary Principles. This article describes the Dutch fiscal framework, its role in

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29-July-2009

English, , 680kb

The New Accounting Model of the Swiss Confederation

Switzerland’s public accounting system has been completely overhauled. The New Accounting Model for the Confederation was used for the first time to prepare the 2007 budget and the 2008-10 financial plan. This article examines the fundamental new directions of financial management in Switzerland.

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29-July-2009

English, , 132kb

Performance Budgeting in Sweden

Management by performance began in Sweden’s public administration in the late 1980s, both as a tool for the government’s budget process and as a way for the government to control its agencies. This article discusses various aspects of the performance system in the Swedish context.

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