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Despite considerable progress in many areas, there remains substantial scope for making government operations more cost-effective. Brazil spends a high share of GDP on selected government financed programmes in relation to many OECD countries and its emerging-market peers, but outcome indicators are often comparatively poor. As a result, in the absence of efficiency gains, further increases in spending would need to be financed
Despite the current problems related to the global financial and economic crisis, ongoing macroeconomic adjustment continues to bear fruit. Attainment of the primary budget surplus targets has delivered falling public debt-to-GDP ratios since 2003. Prudent debt management has reduced refinancing risk and external vulnerabilities. The forward looking conduct of monetary policy within a framework combining inflation targeting with a
Brazil’s economic fundamentals have improved considerably in the ten years following the abandonment of exchange rate management in 1999 and adoption of a policy framework combining inflation targeting, rules based fiscal management and a flexible exchange rate. The economy is therefore weathering the effects of the unfolding global financial and economic crisis rather well, and an incipient recovery is getting under way. The policy
Significant fiscal consolidation will be needed after the recession. The authorities should improve the spending and tax structure, efficiency of public spending and continue with fiscal federalism reforms
Slovenia achieved strong economic growth leading to a marked catch up with the EU15 during the last decade. This dynamic growth has been interrupted by the global recession, adversely affecting Slovenian exports and banks’ refinancing possibilities. As the economy recovers, efforts to achieve real convergence need to be renewed.
Slovenia belongs to the group of new EU member countries, which have given a high priority to fiscal prudence. This both stabilised the economy and paved the way for entry to the EU in 2004 and adoption of the euro in 2007. It also created room to counteract the current weakening of the economy. But fiscal policy has to cope with four main challenges: i) ensuring a return to fiscal consolidation after the current economic downturn;
This report draws on the work of the OECD, which has published extensively on the RIA practices of OECD members. In addition, it draws upon and references relevant literature covering different aspects of RIA design and implementation including case studies and research papers, as well as international technical analyses prepared by international organisations, government and academic institutions, and consulting firms working on
An international conference on performance budgeting was held in Mexico City on 9-10 June 2008, organised by the Mexican Ministry of Finance, the Mexican Center for Research and Teaching in Social Sciences, the OECD, the World Bank, the IADB, and the UK Department for International Development.<
The debate about how to achieve value for money in the delivery of government services is important and ongoing. Public-private partnerships (PPPs) are one option for service delivery. This book discusses important issues for countries that use PPPs or are considering their use.
This review analyses the challenges of strengthening regulatory governance in Brazil to improve economic growth, with appropriate regulatory frameworks for core infrastructure sectors.