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This review analyses how a paradigm shift in regional policy, building on the knowledge of both public and private stakeholders in regions (ranging from dynamic coastal urban areas to lagging inland areas), could help Portugal fully exploit its potential for sustainable development.
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This report assesses progress made since 2000 and analyses many of the lessons of implementation of regulatory reform. It also highlights possible responses to current challenges (ageing society, future welfare needs) and includes a new special chapter on tertiary education.
Governments which are successful at reforming empower their people to make the most of globalisation, creating a favourable environment for education, for business, for innovation and for sustainable development, according to Mr. Gurría.
The OECD network of Senior Budget Officials from Central, Eastern and South-Eastern European Countries (CESEE SBO) was established in 2004 in The Hague. Its fourth meeting took place on 9-10 April 2008 in Bucharest, Romania.
The 29th Annual Meeting of Senior Budget Officials (SBO) was hosted by the Austrian Ministry of Finance and took place in Vienna on 2-3 June 2008.
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The world is rapidly transforming and a number of dynamic emerging economies,including South Africa, have become major players and trading partners with the members of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development(OECD). In this context, the OECD Members have recognised the need for theOrganisation to become more open and relevant in order to realise its strategicgoal of becoming an important hub for dialogue on globally
In a context of fiscal surpluses,the Canadian government has been: markedly reducing corporate income and capital taxes; providing more personal tax relief especially at lower incomes and above all for saving; and cutting the federal value added tax (GST).
Despite considerable progress in many areas, there remains substantial scope for making government operations more cost-effective. Brazil spends a high share of GDP on selected government financed programmes in relation to many OECD countries and its emerging-market peers, but outcome indicators are often comparatively poor. As a result, in the absence of efficiency gains, further increases in spending would need to be financed
Despite the current problems related to the global financial and economic crisis, ongoing macroeconomic adjustment continues to bear fruit. Attainment of the primary budget surplus targets has delivered falling public debt-to-GDP ratios since 2003. Prudent debt management has reduced refinancing risk and external vulnerabilities. The forward looking conduct of monetary policy within a framework combining inflation targeting with a
Brazil’s economic fundamentals have improved considerably in the ten years following the abandonment of exchange rate management in 1999 and adoption of a policy framework combining inflation targeting, rules based fiscal management and a flexible exchange rate. The economy is therefore weathering the effects of the unfolding global financial and economic crisis rather well, and an incipient recovery is getting under way. The policy