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Bribery is a threat to good governance, sustainable economic development, democracy and people’s welfare. The corrosive effects of bribery can spread across borders, affecting economies and societies everywhere. The ability to address bribery, both domestically and internationally, is impaired by a lack of transparency, accountability and integrity in the public and private sectors.
Turkey recovered swiftly from the global financial crisis but sizeable macroeconomic imbalances arose in the process.
Cities are home to over half of the world’s population. Cities characterise many of today’s global economic and environmental challenges and deliver cost-effective policy responses. Latest news: Policy Perspectives on Cities and Climate Change.
The ability of citizens to demand accountability and more open government is fundamental to good governance. There is growing recognition of the need for new approaches to the ways in which donors support accountability, but no broad agreement on what changed practice looks like. This publication aims to provide more clarity on the emerging practice. Based on four country studies Mali, Mozambique, Peru and Uganda, a survey of donor innovations and cutting-edge analysis in this field, and the findings of a series of special high-level international dialogues on how to best support accountability support to parliaments, political parties, elections and the media. The publication takes the view that a wholesale shift in behaviour is required by parts of the development assistance community - moving outside conventional comfort zones and changing reflexes towards new approaches to risk taking, analysis and programming around systems of accountability and ‘do no harm’ efforts in political engagement.
This piece is aimed at a range of development practitioners, as well as a wider audience, including civil society actors and citizens around the world who interact with donors working on accountability support.
Corruption has a devastating impact on developing and transition countries, with estimates of $20 billion to $40 billion per year stolen by public officials, a figure equivalent to 20 to 40 percent of official development assistance flows. The return of the proceeds of corruption— asset recovery—can have a significant development impact. Returns can be used directly for development purposes, such as improvements in the health and education sectors and reintegration of displaced persons, with additional benefits of improved international co-operation and enhanced capacity of law enforcement and financial management officials. Development agencies and those committed to development effectiveness have a role in the asset recovery process. They have made international commitments to fight corruption and recover the proceeds of corruption in the Third High Level Forum on Aid Effectiveness: Accra Agenda for Actions, held in Accra, Ghana, in 2008, and in the Fourth High Level Forum on Aid Effectiveness: Partnership for Effective Development, held in Busan, Republic of Korea, in 2011. Despite these efforts, there has been difficulty in translating these commitments into concrete action. This StAR-OECD publication reports on how OECD countries are performing on asset recovery.
Drawing on data collected between 2006 and 2012, the report provides recommendations and good practices, and suggests specific actions for development agencies. Few and Far is primarily intended to support the anti-corruption and asset recovery efforts of developed and developing jurisdictions, with a particular focus on actions for development agencies. In addition, civil society organisations engaged in governance and development issues may wish to use these findings and recommendations in their reports and advocacy efforts.
The Policy Dialogue on Natural Resource-based Development (PD-NR) is a multi-year inter-governmental process of knowledge sharing and peer-learning among oil, gas and mineral producing countries -OECD members and Partner countries alike- on how to best harness natural resources for structural transformation and more inclusive and broad-based development.
3-4 September 2014, Phnom Penh, Cambodia: This conference focused on the key levers for restoring trust in government and building trust by and in the private sector and civil society.
Helping improve public governance and management in European Union Candidate Countries, Potential Candidates, and European Neighbourhood Policy partners is the mission of a joint OECD-EU initiative, the SIGMA programme.
Greece committed to implementing procurement reforms as part of its economic adjustment agreement with its international lenders. However, reforms were found to be challenging due to the country’s increasingly fragile political situation and critical state of public finances. The involvement of the OECD to make change happen was requested in 2013 by Greece and the European Commission’s Task Force for Greece.
The Municipality of Hermosillo in Mexico shows a 12% progress in the implementation of OECD recommendations to simplify formalities to boost entrepreneurship and create employment.