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Austerity programmes to restore order to public finances can add to the woes of already struggling economies, leading to more job losses and social hardship. But there are ways for governments to put their fiscal houses in order, while supporting growth and reducing income inequality at the same time.
Russians are becoming increasingly active in the country’s social arena. While activists remain a small but growing and visible minority of citizens looking for changes in governance, many more are becoming involved in the day-to-day affairs of their communities. It remains to be seen whether this emerging culture of civic participation will sit comfortably with existing governance structures.
This toolkit comprises a typology of various co-operation mechanisms and a classification of associated benefits and costs.
“Crowdsourcing” pools the strength of the many to perform complex tasks–everything from funding a film to sequencing DNA. At its heart is trust–not a blanket belief in great institutions, but rather the confidence between individuals that each will do the right thing. Its power is being increasingly felt today, even in the world of international development.
Taxes and cash transfers reduce income inequality more in France than elsewhere in the OECD, because of the large size of the flows involved. But the system is complex overall. Its effectiveness could be enhanced in many ways, for example so as to achieve the same amount of redistribution at lower cost.
OECD Task Force on Charting Illicit Trade
Egypt can use ICTs to drive public sector reform
Brazil’s economic growth has been supported in recent years by important government investment and social programmes that mobilise resources across the country. These programmes could help Brazil to meet its goals of sustaining economic growth and fostering social development, while reducing regional disparities.
The OECD review of Brazil explores regional trends and development in Brazil. It looks at how regional policies can promote growth and foster social inclusion, and the role of multi-level governance in implementing effective regional development policies.
Integrity in public procurement is essential in maintaining citizens’ trust in government. Governments are recognising the potential of procurement to improve public sector performance through savings and economies of scale.