Through questionnaires, the OECD International Budget Practices and Procedures Database provides comparable information on the entire budget cycle: preparation, approval, execution, accounting and audit, performance information, and aid management.&l
OECD member and non-member governments are actively looking for ways to facilitate and improve the relationships among levels of government. These relationships lie between the central and sub-national levels, as well as among peer levels.
In his annual speech to the Centres of Governments network, Mr. Gurría reminded that this group is becoming more and more important as decision makers in OECD countries and beyond are being confronted by a combination of policy challenges of unprecedented size and complexity. According to the OECD Secretary-General, these challenges can only be addressed successfully if governments act together and learn from each other.
Japan needs a credible fiscal consolidation plan, including spending cuts and tax increases, to maintain confidence in its fiscal sustainability as gross public debt nears 200% of GDP in 2010.
This working paper suggests that restoring competitiveness will require strengthening France's growth potential and to address the main long term determinants of that potential, such as fostering R&D, promoting innovation, reducing the tax burden, boosting competition and so on.
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The Government Performance and Results Act of 1993 (GPRA, the Results Act) established a performance management framework for federal departments and agencies. The framework consists of agency Strategic Plans, Annual Performance Plans and Annual Performance Reports. Additionally, the Director of the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) annually prepares a Government-wide Performance Plan. Approximately 100 Cabinet departments,
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This article describes the introduction of a government-wide policy evaluationsystem that is underway in Japan, exemplified by the policy appraisal-evaluationsystem of the Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry (METI, theformer Ministry of International Trade and Industry). The initiative in METI wasstarted in December 1999, preceding the implementation of a government-widesystem. "Policy evaluation" as a term is not limited, in this
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The Commonwealth Government of Australia introduced an accrual-basedoutcomes and outputs budgeting and reporting framework in 1999-2000. The framework seeks to focus public-sector decision making and accountabilityon three core issues - outcomes, outputs and performance indicators.
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This paper discusses the uses of outcomes in public sector management inNew Zealand. It begins by describing the overall public management systemwithin which government departments operate, and how outcomes are usedwithin this system. It then outlines some work that is underway to improve thefocus on outcomes, and the way that outcomes are used within the system. Theremainder of the paper is a series of case studies of innovative uses
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The introduction in the early 1980s of a privately managed pension system in Chile attracted world-wide attention. This article describes the new system and the reform process, with a special emphasis on the fiscal impacts.