OECD's Territorial Review of Toronto, Canada. It finds that the Toronto region is one of the chief economic powerhouses of Canada, generating almost one-fifth of national GDP and 45% of Ontario’s GDP. The region is home to 40% of Canada’s business headquarters and is a main manufacturing hub, with major automotive, biomedical and electronics companies. Toronto is also one of the most diverse metropolitan regions in the world: half of its population is foreign born and it hosted 40% of all immigrants to Canada during 2001-2006.
Nevertheless, the region’s current economic development model is under pressure and its economic performance has been mixed in recent years. From 1995 to 2005, GDP per capita and GDP growth rates were below the Canadian average while its annual economic and labour productivity growth were lower than the average for OECD metropolitan regions. During this period, population growth boosted demand in the construction, sales and retail, professional and financial services sectors. However, the recent decline in the area’s manufacturing jobs has illustrated the structural difficulties of some traditionally strong areas, such as the automotive and electronics industries.
This Review proposes a new sustainable competitiveness agenda to enhance productivity, focusing on innovation, cultural diversity and infrastructure, as well as on green policies. To implement such an agenda, the Review proposes improving the current governance framework by intensifying strategic planning at the level of the Toronto region.
The OECD Benchmark Report on Improving Transparency in Government Procurement Procedures in Iraq provides a detailed analysis of public procurement legislation and practices on how to modernise this government activity which is vulnerable to fraud and corruption.
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This indicators questionnaire revises, updated and expands the Regulatory Indicators Questionnaire on Government Capacity to Produce High-Quality Regulation that was circulated in 1998, 2000 and 2005.
Central banks have responded with exceptional vigour to the crisis by using their traditional interest-rate tools to their limits and deploying a wide range of unconventional measures.
The world is recovering from the worst crisis since the Great Depression, leaving a strong and lasting impact on Member countries’ public finances. This paper analyses how sub-central governments are affected and how fiscal policy has reacted in the first months after the outbreak of the crisis.
The Principles provide decision makers with directions and guidance to foster transparency and integrity in lobbying.
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This is the background report on Multi-level regulatory capacity in Australia.
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This is the background report on Market openness in Australia.
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This is the background report on Government capacity to assure high-quality regulation in Australia. It provides more indepth information to Chapter 2 from the publication Australia 2010: Towards a Seamless National Economy.
This review presents a general picture, set within a macroeconomic context, of regulatory achievements and challenges, including regulatory quality at the Commonwealth level as well as across levels of government, competition policy and market openness.