The OECD has launched a programme to advance the integration of Responsible Business Conduct (RBC) considerations and supply chain due diligence into public procurement policies and processes.
Governments are the largest buyers of goods, services and public works, with public procurement accounting for approximately 12% of GDP in OECD countries. It is critical to the delivery of public services such as infrastructure, health and education. While ensuring value for money remains a fundamental principle of the public procurement process, the concept has evolved to encompass a wider range of considerations such as environmental, economic and social aspects.
This makes public procurement a strategic tool for achieving policy objectives such as the Sustainable Development Goals, and promoting responsible business practices.
From October 2019 to October 2021 the OECD will carry out 2 work streams:
1) In 2019-2020, the OECD will take stock of existing practices in countries to integrate RBC considerations into public procurement policies and practices. The research and data collection will be a basis for:
- the development of a compendium of good practices on RBC and public procurement
- a policy brief on economic benefits for governments and suppliers to integrate RBC in public procurement
- a policy brief on lessons from other policy areas for the inclusion of social elements of RBC in public procurement.
2) Expected for 2020-2021, this stream will include setting up a platform to convene public procurement practitioners and policy makers to support collaboration in the effective implementation of RBC through supply chain due diligence in public procurement.
Follow-up to this work is expected to continue over 2021-2022, in particular the development of a pilot on RBC due diligence in the public procurement of garment, subject to funding.