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OECD Recommendation

Preserve the integrity of the public procurement system through general standards and procurement specific safeguards.

 

  • Require high standards of integrity for all stakeholders in the procurement cycle (integrity frameworks or codes of conducts).
  • Implement general public sector integrity tools and tailor them to the specific risks of the procurement cycle as necessary.
  • Develop training programmes for the procurement workforce.
  • Develop requirements for internal controls, compliance measures and anti-corruption programmes for suppliers, including appropriate monitoring.

 

Risks to public procurement related to integrity include:

  • Loss of public money and delivery of substandard products and services through corruption, including bribery, "kickbacks", cartelism, fraud, nepotism, cronyism and clientelism, collusion and bid rigging;
  • Fraud and theft of resources, for example through product substitution in the delivery which results in lower quality materials;
  • Mismanagement of conflict of interest in the public service and in post-public employment which can lead to undue influence and "capture", resulting in contracts which are unnecessary and/or not aligned with public needs and interests;
  • A threat to public health and safety, especially with drug and supply, and infrastructure works; and
  • A decrease of public trust in government and public administration. 

Country Cases

High standards of integrity for all stakeholders in the procurement cycle

 
Public sector integrity tools tailored to the specific risks of the procurement cycle

 

Integrity training programmes for the procurement workforce

 

Requirements for internal controls, compliance measures and anti-corruption programmes for suppliers