Public governance

OECD Regulatory Policy Outlook 2018

Published on October 10, 2018

Also available in: German

book

Laws and regulations govern the everyday life of businesses and citizens, and are important tools of public policy. Regulating has never been easy, but the overwhelming pace of technological change and unprecedented interconnectedness of economies has made it a daunting task. The 2018 Regulatory Policy Outlook, the second in the series, maps country efforts to improve regulatory quality in line with the 2012 OECD Recommendation on Regulatory Policy and Governance, and shares good regulatory practices. It provides unique insights into the organisation and institutional settings in countries for designing, enforcing and revising regulations. It also highlights areas of the regulatory cycle that receive too little attention from policy makers. Finally, it identifies areas where countries can invest to improve the quality of laws and regulations and presents innovative approaches to better regulation.

SUMMARIESavailable in 8 languages

English OECD Regulatory Policy Outlook 2018 (Summary in English)
French OECD Regulatory Policy Outlook 2018 (Summary in French) Politique de la réglementation : Perspectives de l'OCDE 2018
Spanish OECD Regulatory Policy Outlook 2018 (Summary in Spanish) Perspectivas de la OCDE sobre la Política Regulatoria 2018
German OECD Regulatory Policy Outlook 2018 (Summary in German) OECD-Ausblick Regulierungspolitik 2018
Japanese OECD Regulatory Policy Outlook 2018 (Summary in Japanese) OECD規制政策アウトルック2018
Italian OECD Regulatory Policy Outlook 2018 (Summary in Italian) Prospettive OCSE 2018 sulla politica della regolazione
Chinese OECD Regulatory Policy Outlook 2018 (Summary in Chinese) 2018年OECD监管政策展望
Portuguese OECD Regulatory Policy Outlook 2018 (Summary in Portuguese) Perspetivas das Políticas Regulamentares da OCDE 2018

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Foreword
Reader's guide
Executive summary
Overview: Why does the quality of domestic rule-making matter?
Recent trends in regulatory management practices
The institutional landscape of regulatory policy and oversight
Improving the governance of regulators and regulatory enforcement
Fostering better rules through international regulatory co-operation
Improving regulation and outcomes through behavioural insights
Country profiles40 chapters available
Australia
Austria
Belgium
Canada
Chile
Colombia
Costa Rica
Czech Republic
Denmark
Estonia
European Union
Finland
France
Germany
Greece
Hungary
Iceland
Ireland
Israel
Italy
Japan
Korea
Latvia
Lithuania
Luxembourg
Mexico
Netherlands
New Zealand
Norway
Poland
Portugal
Slovak Republic
Slovenia
Spain
Sweden
Switzerland
Turkey
United Kingdom
United States
The 2017 OECD Regulatory Indicators Survey and the composite indicators
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KEY MESSAGES

  • OECD countries have invested in the quality of laws and regulations, but there is room for improvement for everyone. All OECD and accession countries now have an explicit policy to promote regulatory quality across government, and have made progress in adopting key tools of regulatory policy, such as stakeholder engagement processes and regulatory impact assessment (RIA). Still, regulatory policy tools are still underused or not applied effectively in most countries. 
  • The “lifecycle” of regulations remains largely incomplete. Countries focus strongly on the design of laws and regulations, and much less on enforcing and reviewing them. Systematic approaches to evaluating whether laws and regulations achieve their objectives in practice are not frequent.  
  • Policy problems do not stop at national borders. Nor should your regulatory policy. The greatest policy challenges of our time, such as climate change, supporting global value chains, or guaranteeing the safety and privacy of citizens and consumers, require combined international efforts. The Outlook points to various steps governments can take to co-ordinate and align their attempts to regulate pressing transnational problems through international regulatory co-operation
  • Gaps in regulatory policy may stem from limited quality control and oversight. Oversight is a critical link in the regulatory governance framework that helps to foster implementation of regulatory policy in practice. While there is no one-size-fits-all model, oversight in most OECD countries is patchy and does not cover all relevant aspects of regulatory policy. It also comes late in the rulemaking process, so that its impact is limited.

 

 

 

To complement insights from the 2018 Regulatory Policy Outlook, the OECD has collected a range of case studies from eight European oversight bodies at arm’s length from the executive. Check out the findings here.

 

  Regulatory oversight   Database

Case studies of RegWatchEurope and EU Regulatory Scrutiny Board

2018 Indicators of Regulatory Policy and Governance

iREG composite indicators on OECD.stat 

iREG underlying dataset of country answers 

  Further reading   Media

OECD Regulatory Policy Outlook 2015

2012 Recommendation on Regulatory Policy and Governance

International regulatory co-operation

Enforcement and Inspections Toolkit

Behavioural insights

Governance of regulators

Regulatory policy and governance

Policy brief EN, DEU

Multilingual summaries

CONTACT

For further information, please contact Céline Kauffmann or Nick Malyshev, OECD Regulatory Policy Division.