Reforms over the past two decades have produced a well-balanced, modern tax system. However, considerable revenues will be needed in the years ahead to expand social spending and infrastructure in order to raise growth and well-being. The challenge is to generate these revenues without penalising growth or exacerbating inequality.
The OECD Secretariat has extended its database on regulatory management indicators to the following countries: Brazil, Chile, Estonia, Israel, Russia, Slovenia, South Africa. The results can be downloaded in the form of individual country notes.
With 22% of the national population (11.2 million inhabitants), the Gauteng city-region is the largest and richest region in South Africa, contributing to one-third of national GDP. The area encompasses a series of connected cities, including Johannesburg and the national capital of Tshwane (formerly Pretoria), that function as a single, integrated region. Gauteng has been South Africa’s growth engine: for every additional 1% growth in population in the province, 1.6% is added to its contribution to national growth, implying higher productivity than in other parts of the country. Nevertheless, the city-region’s growth potential is constrained by deep socio-economic challenges, including high unemployment (26.9%) and low productivity growth. Its rapid demographic and economic development has also reinforced the spatial segregation instituted under apartheid.
Against the backdrop of South Africa’s achievements since the fall of apartheid, this Review evaluates measures to position economic development policy and to confront economic inequality in Gauteng. The issues of adequate housing as a catalyst of economic development and a vehicle for socioeconomic integration, transport mobility and public service delivery are examined in detail. The Review also assesses the economic growth potential of the manufacturing and green sectors, as well as governance issues, focussing on the potential of intergovernmental collaboration in advancing a cross-cutting regional approach for Gauteng.
South Africa’s macroeconomic framework has served the economy well, but should be strengthened to make the economy more resilient to external shocks.
Dedicated public-private partnership (PPP) units are set up with full or partial aid of the government to ensure that the skills needed to handle third-party provision of goods and services are made available and clustered together. This book provides an overview of dedicated PPP units
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This case study considers the substantial reforms to the South African public expenditure management system undertaken since the mid-1990s. The key aspects of the reform process have been: establishing the institutional framework for budget reforms through the "new" Constitution and further national legislation and practice; adopting a multi-year budget framework and top-down budget process; developing a framework for public financial
OECD Territorial Reviews: Cape Town, South Africa, aims to provide a detailed diagnosis and solutions for improving the competitiveness and governance of the Cape Town metropolitan region.
This issue of the OECD Journal on Budgeting (Vol.6 No.2) contains selected case studies and papers based on presentations at the annual CABRI budget reform seminars in 2004 and 2005.
Johannesburg, South Africa, 23-24 November 2001 Part of the The OECD-Southern Africa Dialogue, the forum discussed different national approaches to strengthening the triangulation of good public governance, economic growth and social equity.