OECD Home › Public governance › By Country › Mexico
This Guide provides concrete recommendations of high impact reforms that can be implemented in the short term.
The OECD and Mexico’s Ministry of Economy are carrying out a regulatory reform programme to improve the competitiveness of its states. Multi-level regulatory governance is an important component of the regulatory reform agenda.
Mexico has achieved a high degree of decentralisation in public services, but the Mexican fiscal
federal system has important shortcomings. States and municipalities have become heavily dependent on
federal transfers to finance a growing share of public spending.
Mexico enfrenta una amplia variedad de amenazas naturales de manera regular, las cuales incluyen sismos, tormentas tropicales e inundaciones. A través de los años, el Sistema Nacional de Protección Civil ha mejora sus medidas de preparación tanto insituticonales como operacionales para el manejo de eventos perturbadores.
Mexico regularly faces a wide range of natural hazards, including earthquakes, tropical storms and floods. Over the years, the National Civil Protection System has improved its institutional and operational preparedness to manage these disruptive events. But more can be done to avoid future losses and at the same time support sustainable economic development.
The OECD Review of the Mexican National Civil Protection System looks at the co-ordination of multiple actors across central government, public and private industries, and state and local governments for the effective management of hurricanes, earthquakes and floods.
Mexico’s river basins are under severe water stress. The quality of rivers, lakes and aquifers is declining and floods, droughts, and hurricanes are more frequent. These are some of the alerts signaled in OECD’s Making Water Reform Happen in Mexico.
Is growth possible in all OECD regions? Evidence suggests that it is. This report argues that helping underdeveloped regions to catch up with more developed ones will have a positive impact on a country’s national growth overall, and that such growth helps to build a fairer society, in which no region’s citizens are left behind.
In Latin American and Caribbean countries the population is growing faster than the world average, intensifying land use and increasing urbanisation. The region is also prone to the negative impact of climate change and natural disasters, putting further pressure on natural resources.
This methodological framework is intended to help governments develop more effective disaster risk management strategies, particularly financial strategies, building on strengthened risk assessment and risk financing.