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Indonesia has come a long way in improving its tax system over the last decade, both in terms of revenues raised and administrative efficiency. Nonetheless, the tax take is still low, given the need for more spending on infrastructure and social protection.
Indonesia has improved its macro-economic and structural policies over the last 15 years. Its economy, with strong and stable growth rates of 5–6.6%, is catching up with other countries in the region and allowing Indonesia to focus on its development agenda.
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This report focuses on the market openness aspects of regulatory reform in Indonesia to devise recommendations for improving the country's regulatory processes. These recommendations involve institutionalising independent and objective evaluations of policies from an economy-wide perspective, as well as instituting a process by which broad public consultations are systematically required.
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This report analyses the institutional set-up and use of policy instruments in Indonesia and in particular examines competition advocacy, competition policy and the transport sector, what progress has been made since the UNCTAD and OECD reviews of 2009 and 2010, and institutional arrangements.
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This report assesses Indonesia‘s regulatory settings for ports, rail and shipping, and makes recommendations for improving the design and implementation of legal and institutional arrangements to improve economic performance in these sectors.
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This report analyses the institutional set-up and use of policy instruments in Indonesia and examines capacity of Indonesia's national government to assure high quality regulation.
This paper tests the hypothesis that, by giving people more voice in the government decision-making process, fiscal decentralisation fosters social capital, measured in terms of interpersonal trust.
Despite major progress over the last decade, more reforms are needed to meet Indonesia’s medium-term objectives for growth and poverty reduction. The Survey reviews the main challenges in the areas of energy subsidies, infrastructure, labour markets, education, health care and social protection.
The oil price hike in 2007-08 underlined the vulnerability of Indonesia’s energy subsidy policy to oil price volatility. In addition to entailing significant economic and environmental costs, energy subsidies put pressure on the public budget and benefit mostly rich households.