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Finnish municipalities enjoy ample fiscal autonomy and provide or arrange the provision of a large share of public services. In recent years, their spending and debt has been increasing steadily, especially because of population ageing and increases in the cost of health care and social services.
The objective of senior budget official country reviews is to provide a comprehensive overview of the budget process in the country under examination, to evaluate national experiences in the light of international best practice and to provide specific policy recommendations.
These country notes provide detailed quantitative and qualitative information on regional performance, institutions and policy settings in OECD members. They include a description of the country's administrative structure, regional policies and the contribution of regions to national growth.
This review of public governance in Finland finds the traditional Nordic model under pressure from rapid ageing, the economic crisis and societal disillusionment. It makes recommendations for improving public governance in Finland.
The costs of the recession and ageing are a challenge to fiscal sustainability. The estimated fiscal sustainability gap has increased from 3 to 8% of GDP due to a sizeable permanent stimulus and lower potential output. A consolidation plan should be articulated now...
The EU Better Regulation project is a partnership between the OECD and the European Commission. It draws on the initiatives for Better Regulation promoted by both organisations over the last few years.
A first rural policy review was conducted for Finland in 1995, and this edition offers a unique look at how Finnish rural policy has evolved since the initial recommendations made in 1995.
Despite concern about the negative impacts of globalisation on the economies of OECD regions, "Globalisation and Regional Economies" presents evidence that region-specific advantages remain a significant source of productivity gain for firms.
An ageing population creates immediate pressures for changes in both service delivery and in human resources management in government. This report reviews strategies to address these pressing issues and provides a snapshot of ageing policies and actions in nine OECD countries.
"Competitive Regional Clusters: National Policy Approaches" analyses the objectives, targeting, instruments and inter-governmental role sharing used by 26 programmes in 14 OECD countries.