Latest Documents


10-August-2009

English, , 385kb

South Africa: Transition to Democracy Offers Opportunity for Whole System Reform

This case study considers the substantial reforms to the South African public expenditure management system undertaken since the mid-1990s. The key aspects of the reform process have been: establishing the institutional framework for budget reforms through the "new" Constitution and further national legislation and practice; adopting a multi-year budget framework and top-down budget process; developing a framework for public financial

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10-August-2009

English, , 439kb

Competitiveness and Modernisation of Public Finances: Selecting an Action Scenario in Hungary Following EU Accession

The most important strategic tasks of Hungarian economic policy are to complete the process of European integration, to build up the appropriate institutional and social capacities and to harmonise real and nominal convergence. This article discusses a theoretical framework for modernisation and how it could be adapted to the Hungarian public sector. Several action scenarios are discussed, but any reforms should aim to rethink the

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10-August-2009

English, , 221kb

Malawi: Lessons Learnt from First Reforms Lead to New Approach

Malawi provides valuable experience on the advantages of a holistic approach when attempting reforms, and on how to manage longer reform programmes. Since 1995, the budget process has been based on the principles of the Medium-term Expenditure Framework. This article presents the findings of a comprehensive review of the MTEF in 1999/2000 which examined its strengths and weaknesses, the possible causes and the proposed reforms

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10-August-2009

English, , 157kb

Economic Reforms in Angola in the General Context of Africa

This article addresses the political, social and broader economic context of public finance reforms in Angola, drawing upon historical perspectives of economic development in Africa and the country’s own experience. The article highlights changes in Angolan practices in line with generally accepted public finance principles, and demonstrates how these reforms occurred within a particular political economy and within sets of

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10-August-2009

English, , 213kb

Public Expenditure and Fiscal Consolidation in Portugal

This article analyses the evolution of Portuguese public expenditure from 1990 to 2004, in order to assess the current position and the prospects for future developments in the absence of corrective measures and structural reforms.

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10-August-2009

English, , 234kb

Public Investment in the United Kingdom

The new fiscal and expenditure policy framework adopted in the United Kingdom in 1997 included clear fiscal rules and a reformed system of budgetary controls and capital appraisal procedures. Those macro and micro reforms also allowed the historic shortfall in public investment to be addressed. This article lays out some general considerations for public investment policy, including involving the private sector, and describes how the

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10-August-2009

English, , 248kb

Performance Budgeting in the Netherlands

Performance-based budgeting seems to be a promising tool for improving the management and accountability of public finances. However, its application causes many difficulties. This article briefly reviews international experience with performance-based budgeting and explores its application in the Netherlands since the late 1990s, including a case study of the Safety Programme. The focus is on transparency and the quality of the

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10-August-2009

English, , 248kb

Framework For Fiscal Consolidation: Successes And Failures In Japan

This article discusses selected historical developments of Japan’s public finance system from 1947 through 2004, then analyses the successful efforts for fiscal consolidation in the 1980s and the unsuccessful attempt in the 1990s. The article concludes with a look at ongoing reform efforts and lessons for the future.

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29-July-2009

English, , 797kb

The Dutch Fiscal Framework

Major features of the Dutch fiscal framework are the trend-based fiscal framework with real net expenditure ceilings for the whole term of government, the role of independent organisations like the Central Planning Bureau (CPB), Statistics Netherlands and the Netherlands Court of Audit, and the intermediary role of the National Advisory Group on Budgetary Principles. This article describes the Dutch fiscal framework, its role in

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29-July-2009

English, , 840kb

Structural Balance Policy in Chile

Since 2001 Chile’s fiscal policy has been built on the concept of a central government structural balance. The Fiscal Responsibility Law, passed in 2006, gave legal force to key aspects of the structural surplus and fiscal policy.

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