Counterfeit and pirated products come from many economies, with China appearing as the single largest producing market. These illegal products are frequently found in a range of industries, from luxury items (e.g. fashion apparel or deluxe watches), via intermediary products (such as machines, spare parts or chemicals) to consumer goods that have an impact on personal health and safety (such as pharmaceuticals, food and drink, medical equipment, or toys). This report assess the quantitative value, scope and trends of this illegal trade.
This report assesses the magnitude, flows and drivers of illicit trade and the illegal economy including: narcotics, human trafficking, wildlife, sports betting, counterfeit medicines, alcohol and tobacco. The negative socio-economic impacts that these markets have in consumer countries are as worrisome as the goverance gaps that are exploited in source countries. This report examines each illicit sector in terms of the geographic sources, destinations and key trade routes, the current trend of infiltration by organized crime networks, and good practices or future policy solutions with which to combat illicit trade within the various sectors.
Illicit trade has a negative impact on economic stability, social welfare, public health, public safety & our environment. To mitigate this global risk, public and private sector decision makers need a firmer understanding of the magnitude and nature of its impacts on economic activities, and a clearer understanding of the conditions that enable it.
The 5th OECD High Level Risk Forum (HLRF) brought together policy makers from 30 governments, practitioners from the private sector and experts from think tanks and academia to share good practices with the aim to improve the governance and management of complex risks.
Strategically managing crises is an essential responsibility of governments. Often critical decisions need to be made swiftly under difficult and complex conditions, as crises’ impacts may spread beyond national borders and can trigger significant economic, social and environmental knock-on effects. Governments have a significant role to play in strengthening the resilience of their populations, communities and critical infrastructure networks. This report highlights the changing landscape of crises that governments are confronted with today. It discusses new approaches to deal with both traditional and new kinds of crises, and invites reflection on how best governments can adapt to change. Topics covered include capacity for early warning and “sense-making”, crisis communication and the role of social media, as well as strategic crisis management exercises. Finally, the review proposes practical policy guidance for strategic crisis management.
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Japan Spotlight interview with OECD's Rolf Alter on guidelines for global risk management. Source, “Economy, Culture & History Japan SPOTLIGHT Bimonthly” November/December 2015 edition p16-18 (published by Japan Economic Foundation).
Governments find it hard to make financial plans for disasters, and that’s not just because disasters are unpredictable and outsized. It’s because post-disaster demands on governments are also unpredictable, driven by public and political pressure.
Trafficking in persons is one of the most lucrative forms of organised crime and requires systematic corruption. To date, there is no international instrument that comprehensively focuses on the important link between corruption and trafficking in persons and that aims at addressing both. Addressing these two issues jointly is key to effectively curb human trafficking.
Brochure outlining the work of the OECD in the management of critical risks. We help governments in implementing cutting edge approaches to the multiple challenges of risk.
The 4th OECD workshop on “Strategic Crisis Management” gathered crisis managers from governments, industries, international organisation and leading think tanks to discuss “how to anticipate crisis and their potential pathways”, in Geneva, Switzerland on 28-29 May 2015.