Regulatory policy

Bureau members of the Network of Economic Regulators


A number of delegates of the NER are designated to serve as officers to represent the Network of Economic Regulators. They provide more detailed direction to the OECD Secretariat on issues of management and the planning of the Programme of Work. These representatives are known as "the Bureau".

Bureau members participate in planning meetings with the Secretariat prior to each NER meeting and provide ongoing consultation by telephone and through email and written exchanges.

The members of the Network of Economic Regulators Bureau for 2018 are:


Montserrat Ramiro 
(Chair, Mexico)

Monserrat Ramiro


Montserrat was appointed Commissioner of Mexico’s Energy Regulatory Commission by the Senate of the Republic on September 18, 2014 for a five-year period, ending on December 31, 2019. She holds a degree in Economics from the Instituto Tecnológico Autónomo de México (ITAM). She also has a master’s degree in Economics from the University College London, where she specialized in Environmental Economics and Natural Resources. Additionally, she has a graduate diploma in Finance and Corporate Social Responsibility from Harvard University. From 2013 to 2014, she worked as Director of Energy at the Mexican Institute for Competitiveness (IMCO). Between 2005 and 2013, she served in different areas of Petróleos Mexicanos (PEMEX), including the unit of Planning and Performance of Economic Development, as an advisor to PEMEX’s Chief Financial Officer, and at the Finance division of PEMEX’s subsidiary PMI Group. Prior to this, Mrs. Ramiro worked as a consultant on environmental and energy issues, both in Mexico and in the United States, and she served at Mexico’s Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources (SEMARNAT). 

Cristina Cifuentes (Australia)


Cristina Cifuentes was appointed a Commissioner of the ACCC in May 2013 for a five year term. Cristina has a breadth of experience in both the public and private sectors across public policy, finance and utility regulation, including positions at the Reserve Bank of Australia, the NSW Treasury and the Australian Securities Commission. She served as the State part-time Member of the Australian Energy Regulator between 2010 and 2013. Cristina was a member of the NSW Independent Pricing and Regulatory Tribunal between 1997 and 2006. Cristina is chair of the ACCC’s Communications Committee and the ACCC’s Infrastructure Committee. She oversees the ACCC’s regulatory role in relation to key infrastructure in areas such as telecommunications, wheat ports, rail, and water. She is also the Commonwealth Member of the AER Board which has responsibility for regulating the national electricity and gas markets. Before becoming an ACCC Commissioner, Cristina held a number of directorships including with the Hunter Water Corporation and First State Super Trustee Corporation.Cristina holds a first class honours degree in Law and a degree in Economics.

Anne Yvrande-Billon

Anne Yvrande-Billon


Anne Yvrande-Billon was appointed Vice President of the French Rail and Road Regulatory Body (ARAFER) in November 2014. Since April 2017, she sits on the French Ethics Commission for railways, and is the President of the “Club des Régulateurs” (Paris-Dauphine Foundation) since July 2017. She worked previously at the French Competition Authority (2011-2014), first as a senior economist, and then as the deputy chair of the Mergers Unit. Prior to joining the French Competition Authority, she worked at the French Council of Economic Analysis, an independent advisory body reporting to the Prime minister. She holds a PhD in economics from the University of Paris Sorbonne where she is Associate Professor in Economics since 2003. Her research and publications are mostly in the fields of economics of contracts and regulation of utilities, with a particular interest in the public transport sector. Anne Yvrande-Billon was awarded the rank of Knight in the National Order of Merit in May 2016.

Dr. Annegret Groebel (Germany)


Dr. Annegret Groebel has held the post of Head of Section "International Co-ordination", in the German Regulatory Authority for Telecommunications and Post since 2001 and was promoted Head of Department International Relations/Postal Regulation in 2009. She also holds key positions at the Independent Regulators Group (IRG). She is actively involved in the work of the European Regulators Group (ERG) and of the newly created Body of European Regulators for Electronic Communications (BEREC). She is responsible for all contacts to other European and non-European regulatory bodies as well as for the contacts with the European Commission, including CEER, ACER in the energy field, ERG-Post and IRG Railways. In March 2012, she was appointed Vice-President of the Council of European Energy Regulators (CEER). and became the alternate member of the ACER Board of Regulators representing BNetzA at the BoR Plenary meetings. Since August 2013 she is co-chairing the Market Integrity and Transparency Working Groups of ACER and CEER. In November 2013 she was appointed to be a member of the NER Bureau supporting the NER Chair Luigi Carbone (AEEG). Dr. Groebel has worked for the German Regulatory Authority for Telecommunications and Post since 1997 (renamed in 2005 to Federal Network Agency for Electricity, Gas, Telecommunications, Post and Railway). She has expertise in the European regulatory framework for electronic communications and implementation, as well as the regulatory framework for the internal energy market and is lecturing at universities in Germany, the FSR in Italy, and Switzerland. She has advised public authorities on regulatory reform and sector specific regulation. She is an economist by training.

Alberto Biancardi 

Alberto Biancardi


Alberto Biancardi is a Commissioner of ARERA (the Italian Regulatory Authority for Energy, Networks, and Environment) and President of WAREG (the Network of European Water Regulators). He graduated from the Milan “L. Bocconi” University with a degree in Economic and Social Studies. As an economist, he served with the following institutions: AGCM (the Italian Antitrust Authority), the Italian Electricity and Gas Regulatory Authority, the Single Buyer (Acquirente Unico Spa), the Ministry for Industry and the Italian Prime Minister’s Office. In the latter institution, he coordinated the NARS (the counselling unit operating with the Interministerial Committee for Economic Planning, or ‘CIPE’, on the regulatory themes related to network-infrastructure services). He also worked for Eni and Enel (as the President’s assistant). From March 2007 to the current position, he served as: Director General of the Equalisation Fund for the Electricity Sector (CCSE); untenured Professor at the Genoa University, and Energy and Infrastructure Area Manager with AREL (Centre for Studies, Research and Legislation). Alberto Biancardi is the author of numerous publications on public services and economic regulation.

Ana Barreto Albuquerque 

Ana Barreto Albuquerque


Ana Barreto Albuquerque is Member of the Board of the Water and Waste Services Regulation Authority (ERSAR), responsible for the areas of economic regulation and corporate services (administrative and financial). She holds a degree in Economics from Católica Lisbon University and an MBA from Nova University. Ana was Credit Analyst in the Departments of Large Companies of Banco de Fomento and of Banco BPI, Senior Consultant at Arthur D.Little, Sub Director of the Strategic Planning & Business Development Department at José de Mello Group and General Manager of the Strategic Planning & Business Development at EFACEC. She was Lecturer in Statistics and Introduction to Economics, at the Católica Lisbon Business & Economics University, and in Organization Theory and Total Quality Management, at the Nova School of Business & Economics (Lisbon). In the academic context, Ana was also Program Manager of the Master's in Finance from Nova School of Business & Economics. Previously to her current role, she was the Executive Director of Nova Finance Center, a Knowledge Center for research, training and services of Nova School of Business and Economics, she collaborated in the Nova’s new campus project, and has also guided several students Masters’ thesis (from the CEMS MIM and Master in Finance Programs).

Andy Burgess
(United Kingdom)


Andy Burgess works across Ofgem’s two network divisions and brings together policy thinking across the different types of energy networks – transmission and distribution in both electricity and gas. He is particularly involved on the distribution side in developing thinking on smarter grids, network innovation connections and stakeholder engagement on gas transmission policy and charging. He is Co-Chair of the CEER (European Regulators) Smart Grids Co-ordination Group. Until October 2011, Andy was Head of Enforcement and Competition Policy at Ofgem, leading on Ofgem’s approach to use of the range of its enforcement powers – under competition law, consumer protection legislation, and sectoral legislation. He joined Ofgem in 2008 from the Office of Rail Regulation (ORR), where he was Head of Network Regulation, and interim Deputy Director of Industry Monitoring and Analysis. Andy had previously held a number of posts at ORR, including leading on European Policy and developing ORR’s strategy and corporate planning and managing regulatory oversight of commercial access contracts for rail infrastructure.

Alan Sutherland 
(United Kingdom)

Alan Sutherland


Alan has been Chief Executive of the Water Industry Commission for Scotland since its establishment in 2005. Before then he was the Water Industry Commissioner, a role he took up in 1999. Over the past decade the water industry in Scotland has become much more efficient and performance standards have improved markedly. Retail competition was introduced in 2008, and this is now delivering substantial benefits for customers and the environment. Alan has extensive experience in management consultancy and in the investment banking industry. He was formerly a management consultant with Bain and Company and before that a Manager with Robert Fleming and Co. More recently he was Managing Director of Wolverine CIS Ltd. Alan has an MBA and MA from Pennsylvania University and an MA (Hons) from St Andrews University.


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