Regulatory policy

Trans-governmental networks

 

Definition

 

Co-operation based on loosely-structured, peer to peer ties developed through frequent interaction rather than formal negotiation involving specialized domestic officials (typically regulators) directly interacting with each other (through structured dialogues, MOU,…), often with minimal supervision by foreign ministries.

 

Examples

 

Trans-governmental networks are multiplying fast and vary widely in their constituency, governance structure and operational mode. Drawing an exhaustive list would not be easy. Box A provides some examples.

 

 

                                              Box A. Selection of trans-governmental networks


The European Public Administration Network is an informal network of the Directors General responsible for Public Administration in the Member States of the European Union whose mission is to improve the performance, competitiveness and quality of European public administrations by developing new tools and methods in the field of public administration: www.eupan.eu/en/content/show/&tid=188

The Basel committee on Banking Supervision provides a forum for regular cooperation on banking supervisory matters: www.bis.org/bcbs

The International Organization of Securities Commissions (IOSCO) gathers agencies committed to cooperate in developing, implementing and promoting adherence to internationally recognised and consistent standards of regulation, oversight and enforcement in order to protect investors, maintain fair, efficient and transparent markets, and seek to address systemic risks: www.iosco.org

The International Association of Insurance Supervisors (IAIS) represents insurance regulators and supervisors of some 190 jurisdictions and issues global insurance principles, standards and guidance papers, organises meetings, provides training and support on issues related to insurance supervision: www.iaisweb.org

The International Consumer Protection and Enforcement Network (ICPEN) is composed of consumer protection authorities from 40 countries, whose aim includes to share information about cross-border commercial activities that may affect consumer welfare and encourage global cooperation among law enforcement agencies: https://icpen.org

The International Competition Network provides competition authorities with a specialized yet informal venue for maintaining regular contacts and addressing practical competition concerns: www.internationalcompetitionnetwork.org

The International Laboratory Accreditation Cooperation (ILAC) is an international cooperation of laboratory and inspection accreditation bodies formed to help remove technical barriers to trade. www.ilac.org/home.html

The International Accreditation Forum (IAF) is the world association of Conformity Assessment Accreditation Bodies and other bodies interested in conformity assessment in the fields of management systems, products, services, personnel and other similar programmes of conformity assessment. www.iaf.nu

The Pharmaceutical Inspection Cooperation Scheme (PIC/S) facilitates the networking between participating authorities and the maintenance of mutual confidence, the exchange of information and experience in the field of good manufacturing practices and the mutual training of GMP inspectors: www.picscheme.org/pics.php

The Strategic Approach to International Chemicals Management (SAICM) was adopted in 2006 by over 100 governments to foster the sound management of chemicals and ensure that by 2020, chemicals are produced and used in ways that minimize significant adverse impacts on the environment and human health: www.saicm.org

The Global Harmonisation Task Force (GHTF) is a partnership between regulatory authorities and regulated industry to achieve greater uniformity between national medical device regulatory systems. It is comprised of five Founding Members (EU, US, Canada, Australia and Japan): www.ghtf.org

Source: OECD own elaboration based on answers to the OECD IRC survey and websites of the organisations.

 Illustration

 

 

 

 

Countries list

  • Afghanistan
  • Albania
  • Algeria
  • Andorra
  • Angola
  • Anguilla
  • Antigua and Barbuda
  • Argentina
  • Armenia
  • Aruba
  • Australia
  • Austria
  • Azerbaijan
  • Bahamas
  • Bahrain
  • Bangladesh
  • Barbados
  • Belarus
  • Belgium
  • Belize
  • Benin
  • Bermuda
  • Bhutan
  • Bolivia
  • Bosnia and Herzegovina
  • Botswana
  • Brazil
  • Brunei Darussalam
  • Bulgaria
  • Burkina Faso
  • Burundi
  • Cambodia
  • Cameroon
  • Canada
  • Cape Verde
  • Cayman Islands
  • Central African Republic
  • Chad
  • Chile
  • China (People’s Republic of)
  • Chinese Taipei
  • Colombia
  • Comoros
  • Congo
  • Cook Islands
  • Costa Rica
  • Croatia
  • Cuba
  • Cyprus
  • Czech Republic
  • Côte d'Ivoire
  • Democratic People's Republic of Korea
  • Democratic Republic of the Congo
  • Denmark
  • Djibouti
  • Dominica
  • Dominican Republic
  • Ecuador
  • Egypt
  • El Salvador
  • Equatorial Guinea
  • Eritrea
  • Estonia
  • Ethiopia
  • European Union
  • Faeroe Islands
  • Fiji
  • Finland
  • Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (FYROM)
  • France
  • French Guiana
  • Gabon
  • Gambia
  • Georgia
  • Germany
  • Ghana
  • Gibraltar
  • Greece
  • Greenland
  • Grenada
  • Guatemala
  • Guernsey
  • Guinea
  • Guinea-Bissau
  • Guyana
  • Haiti
  • Honduras
  • Hong Kong, China
  • Hungary
  • Iceland
  • India
  • Indonesia
  • Iraq
  • Ireland
  • Islamic Republic of Iran
  • Isle of Man
  • Israel
  • Italy
  • Jamaica
  • Japan
  • Jersey
  • Jordan
  • Kazakhstan
  • Kenya
  • Kiribati
  • Korea
  • Kuwait
  • Kyrgyzstan
  • Lao People's Democratic Republic
  • Latvia
  • Lebanon
  • Lesotho
  • Liberia
  • Libya
  • Liechtenstein
  • Lithuania
  • Luxembourg
  • Macao (China)
  • Madagascar
  • Malawi
  • Malaysia
  • Maldives
  • Mali
  • Malta
  • Marshall Islands
  • Mauritania
  • Mauritius
  • Mayotte
  • Mexico
  • Micronesia (Federated States of)
  • Moldova
  • Monaco
  • Mongolia
  • Montenegro
  • Montserrat
  • Morocco
  • Mozambique
  • Myanmar
  • Namibia
  • Nauru
  • Nepal
  • Netherlands
  • Netherlands Antilles
  • New Zealand
  • Nicaragua
  • Niger
  • Nigeria
  • Niue
  • Norway
  • Oman
  • Pakistan
  • Palau
  • Palestinian Administered Areas
  • Panama
  • Papua New Guinea
  • Paraguay
  • Peru
  • Philippines
  • Poland
  • Portugal
  • Puerto Rico
  • Qatar
  • Romania
  • Russian Federation
  • Rwanda
  • Saint Helena
  • Saint Kitts and Nevis
  • Saint Lucia
  • Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
  • Samoa
  • San Marino
  • Sao Tome and Principe
  • Saudi Arabia
  • Senegal
  • Serbia
  • Serbia and Montenegro (pre-June 2006)
  • Seychelles
  • Sierra Leone
  • Singapore
  • Slovak Republic
  • Slovenia
  • Solomon Islands
  • Somalia
  • South Africa
  • South Sudan
  • Spain
  • Sri Lanka
  • Sudan
  • Suriname
  • Swaziland
  • Sweden
  • Switzerland
  • Syrian Arab Republic
  • Tajikistan
  • Tanzania
  • Thailand
  • Timor-Leste
  • Togo
  • Tokelau
  • Tonga
  • Trinidad and Tobago
  • Tunisia
  • Turkey
  • Turkmenistan
  • Turks and Caicos Islands
  • Tuvalu
  • Uganda
  • Ukraine
  • United Arab Emirates
  • United Kingdom
  • United States
  • United States Virgin Islands
  • Uruguay
  • Uzbekistan
  • Vanuatu
  • Venezuela
  • Vietnam
  • Virgin Islands (UK)
  • Wallis and Futuna Islands
  • Western Sahara
  • Yemen
  • Zambia
  • Zimbabwe
  • Topics list