Regulatory Enforcement and Inspections in the Environmental Sector of Peru
To meet their policy objectives, regulations must be accompanied by a carefully designed
and well-implemented enforcement strategy, including inspections. This report provides
an assessment of the enforcement and inspections strategy in the environmental sector
in Peru along with recommendations to strengthen this strategy. The report evaluates
the policies and legal framework of the Environmental Evaluation and Enforcement Agency
of Peru, as well as its practices and the resources employed in enforcement and inspections
activities. It also offers policy options to improve performance. The benchmark for
the comparative analysis is the OECD Regulatory Enforcement and Inspections Toolkit.
Using a checklist of 12 criteria, this Toolkit provides a simple tool for assessing
the inspection and enforcement system in a given jurisdiction, institution or structure.
Published on April 29, 2020Also available in: Spanish
The Environmental Evaluation and Enforcement Agency (OEFA) is an agency responsible for environmental inspections and enforcement in Peru. OEFA’s mandate is based on achieving compliance and protection of the environment while seeking the development of social welfare. Nowadays, the agency is developing processes and tools to fully implement an enforcement policy based on data and evidence.
Applicable legislation and internal OEFA regulations and guidelines allow for risk focus and proportionality. Furthermore, OEFA’s mission include goals of reducing risk and pursuing public interest.
The governance structures and strategic decision-making processes of OEFA support transparency and accountability. OEFA however could benefit from including representatives of different stakeholder in the governance of the agency, particularly when it comes to discussing strategic priorities and transformations.
OEFA’s priorities in terms of protecting public welfare are largely concentrated in areas with socio-environmental conflicts.
OEFA has made significant progress in the development, introduction and use of ICT tools. OEFA would benefit though from fully digitising data and information to improve risk analysis, planning and automation.