Cities, climate change and green growth | Global development and port cities | Rural and urban linkages | Cities in the face of demographic change | OECD seminars relating to cities and urban development
Cities, climate change and green growth
Cities are home to over half of the world’s population and host to many of today’s environmental challenges. They are also catalysts for environmental policy solutions. In co-ordination with national, regional and local governments, the OECD has been working to bridge the divide between the achievement of ambitious environmental goals and economic development.
More densely populated cities tend to generate lower per capita CO2 emissions
Based on data from the OECD Metropolitan Database
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Green Growth in Cities
How can governments deliver cost-effective policy responses to global economic and environmental challenges? The OECD synthesis report, Green Growth in Cities, draws on findings from a conceptual framework, in-depth urban-level green growth studies (Paris-IDF, Chicago, Stockholm and Kytakyushu) and two national-level studies on urban green growth (China and Korea).
Urban Green Growth in Dynamic Asia
How can urban green growth models be adapted to the unique development context of Asian cities? OECD has launched the Urban Green Growth in Dynamic Asia project to explore ways to achieve green growth in fast-growing cities in Asia. The project is composed of three elements: a conceptual framework [to be published in May 2014; a preliminary version can be consulted here]; four to six case studies selected among cities of South-East Asia, China or India; and knowledge sharing events and activities. The Urban Green Growth in Dynamic Asia project is a key vector of the OECD Knowledge Sharing Alliance (KSA), which promotes mutual learning processes between OECD and emerging and developing economies.
Compact City Policies
Compact cities are not simply dense cities. Instead, they encompass a wider set of characteristics, including dense and proximate development patterns, built-up areas linked by public transport systems, and accessibility to local services and jobs. Compact City Policies: A Comparative Assessment (2012) offers a comprehensive understanding of the compact city concept, its role in today’s urban contexts, and the potential outcomes of compact city policies.
Cities and Climate Change
How can cities and metropolitan governments work in tandem with national governments to change the way we think about responding to climate change? Cities and Climate Change reveals the importance of addressing climate change across all levels of government.
Green growth and sustainable development
Adaptation to climate change
Global development and port cities
Rural and urban linkages
Partnerships between urban and rural areas within a functional region are a unique form of territorial co-operation. When successful, rural-urban partnerships can improve the exploitation of existing resources, increase the economic potential of a region and generate greater well-being and equity in service provision. The OECD, in collaboration with the European Commission, is using a new analytical framework to assess urban-rural linkages and to help identify the governance forms that can enhance urban-rural interactions.
Rural development policy
Veneri, P. and V. Ruiz (2013), "Urban-to-Rural Population Growth Linkages: Evidence from OECD TL3 Regions", OECD Regional Development Working Papers, No. 2013/03, OECD Publishing.
Cities in the face of demographic change
An increasingly ageing society: evolution and forecast of the elderly population (1950-2100)
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Across the OECD, the elderly population increased more than 1.5 times faster than the total population between 1995 and 2008 and is expected to continue to grow in the coming decades. According to UN statistics, 80% of older people in developed countries live in urban areas. Cities thus have a critical role to play. The OECD project on Sustainable Urban Development Policies in Ageing Societies explores innovative approaches to urban development that can help mitigate the effects of ageing populations and make cities more sustainable and liveable for all generations.
Ageing and emploment practices
OECD seminars relating to cities and urban development