Although Siena serves as a distinctive example of a rural region, the Territorial Review of Siena provides valuable insights for other rural regions. It faces challenges of sustainable rural development, infrastructure and service provision and can be used as a model for sustainable tourism by rural regions.
As incentives to modernise agricultural activities and promote other business activity have been ineffective, Tzoumerka's local development policy will need to go farther. It must direct the local population away from old survival habits to investing in capabilities required of new economic projects. The policy instruments that are likely to be most effective in creating a new mindset will consist in identifying and facilitating the incubation of a small number of successful initiatives with strong demonstration effects.
The Spanish Province of Teruel is a remote rural area located in the dynamic northeast corner of Spain. The region is a typical, albeit extreme, example of a low density remote area with an economic base facing serious challenges and little more than its own assets to rely on for its economic development. This report focuses mainly on how the area's substantial natural and cultural resources can make a more important contribution in a forward-looking and integrated development strategy.
The province of Bergamo, located in Lombardy, is one of the most successful regions in Italy. The economy is highly competitive, diversified and export-oriented, productivity is above the national average, and unemployment is almost non-existent. The diversity of the region and its abundant cultural and environmental assets are likely to turn the province into an outstanding tourist destination.
The future success of the province is not certain, though. Bergamo still faces important challenges, like improving its education sector or building transport infrastructures that respond to the needs of the population and of the business sector. This Review provides advice and guidelines on how new policies may be put into practice.
In its analysis, the Territorial Review of Champagne-Ardenne identifies the gradual downward slide afflicting this intermediate region, which ranks fifth among French regions in terms of per capita GDP. What policy options will best strengthen its prime movers of growth? How can Champagne-Ardenne take advantage of its knowledge-based activities, tourism and rural amenities in order to further its development?
The Valencian Central Districts, composed of 155 municipalities belonging to two different provinces in the region of Valencia, produce large quantities of Spanish textiles, toys, and tourism services. These activities have been highly competitive up to now despite the small size of the enterprises, their specialisation in so called sunset industries, the relatively small size of towns in the area and the lack of appropriate infrastructures.
The future of the region in an era of globalisation is uncertain, though. At a time when producer services are becoming critical to the success of goods producing industries, will the small settlements that characterise the Valencian Central Districts be able to maintain their competitive position? And should they find new forms of partnership in order to increase their capacity to make investments? The aim of this Territorial Review is to provide practical policy advice on how the area can respond to new challenges by enhancing potential opportunities.
The Greater Helsinki Region emerged as a highly competitive economy in the latter half of the 1990s. This review examines the factors contributing to this success and the new development challenges it has created. Continued sustainable development will require: 1) further diversification of dynamic sectors, 2) managed growth adhering to principles of compact development, and 3) countering trends for greater social differentiation within the region. All of these challenges create needs for greater metropolitan co-ordination that are examined in turn.
The Öresund project, aiming to integrate the regions of Zealand (Denmark) and Skåne (Sweden), is a key cross-border initiative found in Europe today. This review identifies and evaluates the unique obstacles to cross-border integration as well as outlines a framework for the area's future strategy.