Cities are ready to lead efforts to green the economy, concluded participants of the OECD Roundtable of Mayors and Ministers meeting in Chicago on March 8th, 2012.
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This report on the Korean Strategy for Green Growth and its implementation in urban areas assesses the contributions of sub-national governments to Korea‟s National Strategy for Green Growth and identifies the main challenges for effective implementation at the local level.
In the current difficult economic environment, regions are important centres of gravity in a country’s economy. Their comparative advantages, endowments and overall dynamism can be powerful sources of growth and prosperity nation-wide, said OECD Secretary-General.
With 22% of the national population (11.2 million inhabitants), the Gauteng city-region is the largest and richest region in South Africa, contributing to one-third of national GDP. The area encompasses a series of connected cities, including Johannesburg and the national capital of Tshwane (formerly Pretoria), that function as a single, integrated region. Gauteng has been South Africa’s growth engine: for every additional 1% growth in population in the province, 1.6% is added to its contribution to national growth, implying higher productivity than in other parts of the country. Nevertheless, the city-region’s growth potential is constrained by deep socio-economic challenges, including high unemployment (26.9%) and low productivity growth. Its rapid demographic and economic development has also reinforced the spatial segregation instituted under apartheid.
Against the backdrop of South Africa’s achievements since the fall of apartheid, this Review evaluates measures to position economic development policy and to confront economic inequality in Gauteng. The issues of adequate housing as a catalyst of economic development and a vehicle for socioeconomic integration, transport mobility and public service delivery are examined in detail. The Review also assesses the economic growth potential of the manufacturing and green sectors, as well as governance issues, focussing on the potential of intergovernmental collaboration in advancing a cross-cutting regional approach for Gauteng.
Water is essentially a local issue and involves a plethora of stakeholders at basin, municipal, regional, national and international levels. This report looks at the challenges in water policy implementation and identifies good practices in co-ordinating water policy.
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This is the executive summary of the report Water Governance in OECD countries: a Multi-Level Approach.
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Executive summary of the publication "Making the most of public investment: Lessons from the crisis".
This publication gives a comparative overview of lessons that can be drawn from the financial crisis followed by a section covering a selection of country cases (Australia, Canada, France, Germany, Korea, Spain, Sweden and the United States).
This comprehensive review of urban policy in Poland looks at the urban system and the challenges it faces, national policies for urban development in Poland, and adapting governance for a national urban policy agenda.
This review addresses the needs of national and regional governments for greater clarity on how to strengthen the innovation capacity of regions to boost national performance. It is part of wider OECD work on regional development and supports the OECD Innovation Strategy.