Directorate for Public Governance

Publications, Policy Briefs and Working Papers


Publications and Policy Briefs | Working Papers


 Budgeting and Public Expenditures

OECD Journal on Budgeting

Special Issue - The Legal Framework for Budget Systems: An International Comparison (countries covered: Canada, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Japan, Korea, New Zealand, Norway, Spain, Sweden, United Kingdom, United States)

Restoring Public Finances, 2012 Update

Restoring Public Finances (2011)

Value for Money in Government series:

Public Administration after 'New Public Management' (2010)

Value for Money in Government: Netherlands (2010)

Value for Money in Government: Denmark (2011)

Value for Money in Government: Australia (2012)

Value for Money in Government: Sweden (2013)

Value for Money in Government: Norway (2013)

Tax Expenditures in OECD Countries (2010)

Dedicated Public-Private Partnership Units: A Survey of Institutional and Governance Structures (2010)

Public-Private Partnerships: In Pursuit of Risk Sharing and Value for Money (2008)

Performance Budgeting in OECD Countries

  (Policy Brief)

For further reports on this topic please see Performance Budgeting and Country Budget Reviews.



OECD e-Government Studies: Belgium (2008) 

Rethinking e-Government Services: User-centred Approaches (2009)

Making Life Easy for Citizens and Businesses in Portugal: Administrative Simplification and e-Government

OECD e-Government Studies: Belgium (2008)


OECD e-Government Studies: Netherlands


e-Government for Better Government (2005)


Public Sector Modernisation: Open Government (2005) (Policy Brief)


Finland (Policy Brief)

For earlier reports on this topic, please see Publications on Digital Government.


 Innovation and Integrity


Procurement Toolbox - online resource highlighting good practice in corruption prevention. (2010)

OECD Principles for Integrity in Public Procurement (2009)

Lobbyists,Governments and Public Trust: Building a Legislative Framework for Enhancing Transparency and Accountability in Lobbying

Enhancing Integrity in Public Procurement: Checklist


Keeping Government Contracts Clean (2008) (Policy Brief)


Integrity in Public Procurement: Good Practice from A to Z

  (Policy Brief)


 Public Employment and Management


OECD Reviews of Human Resource Management in Government: Brazil (2010)

The State of the Public Service (2008)
OECD Public Management Reviews - Ireland: Towards an Integrated Public Service


OECD Reviews of Human Resource Management in Government: Belgium


Ageing and the Public Service: Human Resource Challenges


Public employment and management (Policy Brief)

For earlier reports on this topic, please see Publications on Public Employment and Management .


 Public Engagement


Focus on Citizens: Public Engagement for Better Policy and Services 

Evaluating Public Participation in Policy Making


  (Policy Brief)


Open Government: Fostering Dialogue with Civil Society

Promise and Problems of E-Democracy: Challenges of Online Citizen Engagement


Policy coherence for sustainable development (Policy Brief)


Citizens as Partners: Information, Consultation and Public Participation in Policy-making




Engaging Citizens in Policy-making: Information, Consultation and Public Participation. Public Management Policy Brief No. 10 (Policy Brief)


 Regional Development


Governing Regional Development Policy: The Use of Performance Indicators (2009)

OECD Regions at a Glance: 2009


Measuring Government Activity (2009)


OECD Regions at a Glance: 2007 Edition

Globalisation and Regional Economies: Can OECD Regions Compete in Global Industries?

Competitive Regional Clusters: National Policy Approaches (Policy Brief)


Linking Regions and Central Governments: Contracts for Regional Development


Policy Brief: Reinventing Rural Policy (Policy Brief)



Territorial Reviews: Sweden (2010)

Territorial Reviews: Chile (2009)

Territorial Reviews: Portugal (2009)

OECD Territorial Reviews: Norway

Territorial Reviews: Poland (2008)

OECD Territorial Reviews: Luxembourg


Territorial Reviews: Toronto, Canada (2010)

Territorial Reviews: Venice, Italy (2010)

OECD Territorial Reviews: Copenhagen, Denmark (2009)

Territorial Reviews: Cape Town, South Africa (2008)

OECD Territorial Reviews: Istanbul, Turkey (Policy Brief)

OECD Territorial Reviews: Madrid, Spain 

OECD Territorial Reviews: Randstad Holland, Netherlands

Territorial Reviews: Yucatán, Mexico (2007)

Regional Development

  (Policy Brief)

  (Policy Brief)

  (Policy Brief)

Directorate for Public Governance (Policy Brief)

  (Policy Brief)

  (Policy Brief) 

Japan (Policy Brief)

Directorate for Public Governance (Policy Brief)

Policy brief: OECD Territorial Review of Montreal (Policy Brief)

Finland (Policy Brief)

Rural Policy

Rural Policy Reviews: Québec, Canada (2010)

Rural Policy Review: China (2009)

Rural Policy Reviews: Spain (2009)

Rural Policy Review: Italy (2009)

OECD Rural Policy Reviews: Germany

OECD Rural Policy Reviews: Mexico

For earlier reports on this topic, please see Publications on Regional Development.


 Regional Innovation


OECD Reviews of Regional Innovation: Catalonia, Spain (2009)

OECD Reviews of Regional Innovation: 15 Mexican States (2009)

OECD Reviews of Regional Innovation: Piedmont, Italy (2009) 

OECD (2007), Globalisation and Regional Economies: Can OECD Regions Compete in Global Industries?


How Regions Grow (2009)

Regional Innovation in 15 Mexican States (2009) (Policy Brief)


OECD Reviews of Regional Innovation: The North of England, UK (2008)  (Policy Brief)

OECD (2006), Competitive Regional Clusters: National Policy Approaches OECD (2006), Competitive Regional Clusters: National Policy Approaches

OECD (2007), Globalisation and Regional Economies: Can OECD Regions Compete in Global Industries?


 Regulatory Management and Reform


Overcoming Barriers to Administrative Simplification (2009)

OECD Reviews of Regulatory Reform - China (2009)

Brazil: Strengthening Governance for Growth

Building an Institutional Framework for Regulatory Impact Analysis (RIA): Guidance for Policy Makers


Policy Brief: Measuring Regulatory Quality (Policy Brief)

Italy: ensuring regulatory quality across levels of government


Cutting red tape: comparing administrative burdens across countries

Cutting red tape: administrative simplification in the Netherlands


Directorate for Public Governance (Policy Brief)


Regulatory reform (Policy Brief)

  (Policy Brief)

Policy Brief: From Red Tape to Smart Tape: Administrative Simplification in OECD Countries (Policy Brief)

For further reports on this topic, please see Country Background Reports.

 Series on Public Sector Modernisation

Budgeting in Portugal

  (Policy Brief)


Directorate for Public Governance (Policy Brief)


Directorate for Public Governance (Policy Brief)

Directorate for Public Governance (Policy Brief)

Budgeting in Greece

Directorate for Public Governance 

 Working Papers

The Political Economy of Fiscal Reform in Central and Eastern Europe

The Working Paper Series on Public Governance was launched in 2007 to present data and analysis in several areas of public governance, including management in government, public employment and management, and regulatory reform.

  • Successful Practices and Policies to Promote Regulatory Reform and Entrepreneurship at the Sub-national Level, Working Paper No. 18, April 2010

Abstract: This report is part of the OECD-Mexico initiative "Strengthening of Economic Competition and Regulatory Improvement for Competitiveness". It summarises the findings of several case studies on best practices to promote regulatory reform and entrepreneurship at the sub-national level. By including both, Mexican and international experiences, this report derives practical lessons for sub-national governments to improve their regulatory quality and create dynamic business environments.

Abstract: This Working Paper presents preliminary analytical estimates using the 1998 and 2005 surveys of indicators of systems for the management of regulatory quality. The report presents some preliminary regressions with reduced forms, including fixed and random effects, linking the indicators to macroeconomic indicators. The findings tend to support the view that improvements in regulatory management system quality yield significant economic benefits.

  • Tools for Regulatory Quality and Financial Sector Regulation - Working Paper No. 16, December 2009 

Abstract: This report provides a comparative perspective on the application of quality regulation principles to financial sector regulators, in the US, Canada, Australia, the UK and France. The report finds that the requirements related to better regulation principles are often implemented too late in the decision-making process when regulations are set at the international level.

Abstract: OECD member and non-member governments are actively looking for ways to facilitate and improve the relationships among levels of government. These relationships lie between the central and sub-national levels, as well as among peer levels. They can also be seen in individual public management disciplines, such as fiscal relations, HRM, regulatory management and e-government. This report looks at ways to build more effective relations among levels of government.

Abstract: Multi-level regulatory governance is becoming a priority in many OECD countries. High quality regulation at a certain level of government can be compromised by poor regulatory policies and practices at other levels, impacting negatively on the performance of economies and on business and citizens’ activities.

Abstract: This paper argues that reform and change are generally used as interchangeable concepts but that is not always appropriate as reforms do not always produce change and changes are not always the product of reform efforts. This study draws on the notion of receptivity to explain the practice of managing change in six OECD countries: Finland, France, Italy, Portugal, Spain and Switzerland.

  • Regulatory Management Systems Across OECD Countries: Indicators of Recent Achievements and Challenges - Working Paper No. 11, January 2007

Abstract: This paper presents the contributions and limits of composite indicators of regulatory management systems and provides an overview of regulatory management systems, including regulatory policies, institutions, processes and tools. This report assesses regulatory policies in member countries as well as their regulatory management systems using the 1998 and 2005 indicators.

Abstract: The paper develops an architecture for regulatory institutions that could be feasible in the current Russian context. The paper examines two specific areas: first, establishing a regulatory oversight unit, located at the centre of government, responsible for the strategic co-ordination of regulatory reforms and oversight of regulatory quality; and second, redefining the mandates and strengthening the capacities of the competition authority and regulators of network industries. The paper draws on OECD experience and provides a number of lessons which could direct Russia’s future efforts in regulatory reform onto a track more similar to the one observed across the OECD.

Abstract: One of the activities of the Public Governance Committee of the OECD is the development of comparable data and indicators of good government and efficient public services. An ongoing element is the development of a new methodology to gather comparable data on public employment. Achieving a consistent and acceptable classification of the data first required establishing a terminology and a new definition of what has been called the "public domain". Thus the scope of the project broadened to include a comparison of employment data in government to the costs of production of services of the public domain (Comparison of Employment in the Public Domain, CEPD). The new classification is now consistent with the system of national accounts (SNA).

Abstract: This second working paper published in preparation of the publication 'Government at a Glance' (2009) focuses on two main themes: (1) the identification of core data for 'Government at a Glance', and (2) the publication of existing data that help assess the efficiency of government. The paper first identifies three reasons for the regular collection of core data, before going on to describe the methodological challenges encountered in the measurement of efficiency in the public sector and to consider the empirical evidence on the institutional drivers of efficiency in the public sector. Finally, it presents currently available data highlighting some of the core information that 'Government at a Glance' will include, and some highlights of output data from two policy sectors, health and education.

Abstract: Political involvement in administration is essential for the proper functioning of a democracy. Without this an incoming political administration would find itself unable to change policy direction. However public services need protection against being misused for partisan purposes, they need technical capacity which survives changes of government, and they need protection against being used to impair the capacity of future governments to govern.

Abstract: How are performance-based arrangements at the individual level related to performance management arrangements at higher levels such as the agency or programme level? The report aims to provide practical lessons and insights into performance-based arrangements for senior civil servants, derived from country and practitioner experiences, into how to place senior staff within what might constitute an integrated performance regime. It is meant to be applicable to countries starting to work with such arrangements, as well as to countries wanting to improve their existing systems.

Abstract: This report presents detailed results on the quality of regulatory management systems, following the survey conducted in 2005-6. The goal of this report is to compare regulatory quality assurance systems; to measure progress and understand trends over time across countries, and to identify general patterns of regulatory management practice.

Abstract: The need for more differentiated pay setting in the public sector is probably the most important driver behind decentralisation. Both the labour market and the public activities have become less homogeneous, and public administrations need – just like any other employer – to develop pay-setting arrangements that are sufficiently flexible to enable an adaptation of pay systems and pay structures.

Abstract: The consequences of an ageing workforce are magnified in the public sector because it generally has an older demographic profile than the private sector (OECD, 2006). The challenge of attracting and retaining capacity within the public service as large numbers of experienced public servants retire is set to be a growing concern in many OECD countries. This report looks at the degree to which pension reform may be assisting in meeting this challenge....

Abstract: This Working Paper compiles a set of recent comparable OECD data on revenues, inputs, and public sector processes and proposes a way forward in data collection. It is the first of three annual Working Papers as the Public Governance and Territorial Development (GOV) Directorate of the OECD builds up to the first publication of a major biennial publication, “Government at a Glance”, in late 2009. It is accompanied by a volume entitled “Measuring Government Activity” that sets out the proposed approach and that poses technical alternatives for expert review and comment. The first part of this volume provides a comprehensive exposition of the proposed data classification and analysis.




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