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In OECD countries, rural areas account for three-quarters of the land and are home to a quarter of the population. Rapid changes in the international economy clearly have a different effect on these regions than on cities and towns, offering different challenges but also different opportunities.Improved communications and the Internet make it possible for many people to work just as effectively from a cottage in a village as in a city
As part of the comparative analysis of sustainable budget policy, a study was undertaken on long-term budget projections. This report describes a bottom-up approach to measure future challenges, and discusses the main reasons for uncertainty and how to handle them.
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Of all natural hazards, flooding causes the greatest damage in OECD countries, particularly in France.
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Floods and flood-related disasters, such as landslides, are a traditional and serious risk in Japan. In the 1940s and 50s, after flood disasters took thousands of lives, the creation of a comprehensive flood risk management programme led to a dramatic reduction in human casualties.
From 5-7 July 2006 the OECD Symposium on Agencies and Public-Private Partnerships was held in Madrid, Spain. The presentations and background material from this meeting provide a rich source of background material on the topic.
The 27th Annual Meeting of Senior Budget Officials took place in Sydney, Australia, on 5-6 June 2006.
Cities are important generators of wealth, employment and productivity growth and often quoted as the engines of their national economies.
Rural regions in OECD countries are important economically and demographically. Increasing globalisation, improved communications and reduced transportation costs are drivers of economic change in rural areas. However, promoting rural development poses numerous policy and governance challenges.
OECD work on regional development covers a number of inter-related fields: regional competitiveness, multi-level governance, urban and metropolitan policy and rural development.
OECD work on regional competitiveness addresses both the measurement of regional performance through regional statistics and indicators using the OECD Regional Database and policies to address key factors that can improve the competitiveness of regions.