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This article describes the introduction of a government-wide policy evaluationsystem that is underway in Japan, exemplified by the policy appraisal-evaluationsystem of the Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry (METI, theformer Ministry of International Trade and Industry). The initiative in METI wasstarted in December 1999, preceding the implementation of a government-widesystem. "Policy evaluation" as a term is not limited, in this
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The Commonwealth Government of Australia introduced an accrual-basedoutcomes and outputs budgeting and reporting framework in 1999-2000. The framework seeks to focus public-sector decision making and accountabilityon three core issues - outcomes, outputs and performance indicators.
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This paper discusses the uses of outcomes in public sector management inNew Zealand. It begins by describing the overall public management systemwithin which government departments operate, and how outcomes are usedwithin this system. It then outlines some work that is underway to improve thefocus on outcomes, and the way that outcomes are used within the system. Theremainder of the paper is a series of case studies of innovative uses
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The introduction in the early 1980s of a privately managed pension system in Chile attracted world-wide attention. This article describes the new system and the reform process, with a special emphasis on the fiscal impacts.
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In 1998, the Government of the United Kingdom conducted a ComprehensiveSpending Review which examined the resources allocated to each area of spending,and for the first time decided on and published the service improvementsand reforms required in return for the resources allocated to departments’expenditure programmes. These requirements were set out in Public ServiceAgreements (PSAs) for every central government department published