OECD Framework for the Governance of Infrastructure
10. PUBLIC INFRASTRUCTURE NEEDS TO BE RESILIENT
Infrastructure systems should be resilient, adaptable to new circumstances and future proof. Critical risks materialise and technological change can fundamentally disrupt sectors and economies.
WHY IS IT IMPORTANT?
Multiple disasters in recent years have demonstrated the significant socio-economic impacts of these events.
Disruptions to critical systems spread the social hardships of disasters by cutting-off access to basic life lines (health services, food, fuel, payment systems), and produce large economic impacts by preventing the mobility of labour and inventory.
A governance framework that ensures resilience measures are applied to multiple critical infrastructure sectors is essential.
Functional dependencies and inter dependencies between different sectors of critical infrastructure. Damages to one asset, for example electricity distribution, could result in downstream disruptions to various sectors, e.g. water purification.
The high share of critical infrastructure that is privately owned or operated implies the need for governments to partner with the private sector.
KEY POLICY QUESTIONS:
Are there policies in place to ensure that key infrastructure assets are resilient if disasters hit?
Are key structures designed to sustain a foreseeable shock or are substitute or redundant systems available?
Is there management capacity to identify options, prioritise actions, and communicate decisions to the people who will implement them?
Are there tools in place to learn from past events?
The presence of a disaster risk assessment plan
The presence of designated authorities responsible for tackling disasters