Printable version (pdf)
MARCH 4-5, 2014 │ OECD Conference Centre, CC 15 │ Paris
LIVE WEBCAST: http://video.oecd.org
Read the summary record.
A two-day event where key thinkers and actors will meet at the OECD to explore the role that policy coherence for development (PCD) can play in a changing global context of shifting wealth and poverty, new sources of growth, changing demographic patterns, and growing pressure on natural resources. It will also consider how PCD can support the current MDGs and any subsequent global goals in the post-2015 agenda.
Session 1 (4 March 2014), will look at emerging megatrends in social and economic geography around the world and their implications for global development dynamics and our PCD approaches. It will also identify the nature and scope of the key issues that need to be considered in a renewed Global Partnership for the post-2015 development agenda (see annotation).
Session 2 (5 March 2014), will discuss how governance processes are evolving to recognise and respond to such trends in a coherent and integrated manner (see annotation).
Session 3 (5 March 2014), will explore approaches and indicators for measuring policy coherence for development that can attract and maintain public attention and motivate governments and stakeholders to take action (see annotation).
Tuesday 4 March
15.00-18.00 Session 1 : Global trends shaping emerging policy coherence challenges in a post-2015 world
Wednesday 5 March
09.00-11.00 Session 2: Governance processes for managing policy coherence for development beyond 2015
11.15-12.45 Session 3: Goals, targets and indicators to inform coherent and integrated policy making
12.45-13.00 Conclusions and next steps
Tuesday 4 March
In a polycentric global economy, emerging policy coherence challenges are shaped by a number of potent forces, such as: accelerated globalisation; increasing interconnectedness of countries and people through mobile communications; multi-country value chains; the virtual economy; and the rapid transmission of news, views and ideas. Other important trends include: shifting wealth and growing middle classes in developing countries; changes in food consumption patterns; greater inequality within countries; diverse population dynamics; urbanisation; natural resource demand and discovery, including oil and gas reserves in many more developing countries; climate change and disruptive weather events; and the impact of huge increases in computing power on science and technology, business models and individual lives.
These trends generate a new set of challenges and opportunities for development with implications for all. At the same time the nexus of macroeconomic, financial and monetary policies and associated spill overs generates a complex environment for investment and competitivity, regionally and globally. The multilateral trade system is under pressure from associated tensions and the rise of regional trade agreements. Financial and fiscal integrity are no longer marginal issues but central social, economic and political concerns. These trends call for a broader approach to PCD aiming to create win-win global coalitions and enabling environments for development and sustainable economic transformation.
This session will provide an opportunity to discuss the implications of a changing global landscape on the way we design and implement policies, and to identify key issues that call for priority attention in the post-2015 development agenda. It will also take a closer look at the interconnected roles of public policies and investments and the enterprise sector to bring about the transformations needed for sustainable development, and look at the incentives for companies to ensure that their activities are sustainable in economic, social, environmental and ethical terms.
Interactive panel discussion: Moderator: Simon Upton, Director, OECD Environment Directorate.
Wednesday 5 March
Moderator: Erik Solheim, Chair of the Development Assistance Committee
Ongoing changes in the global economic landscape suggest that policy coherence issues will be more complex, requiring convergence between major policy agendas as well as the integrated functioning of the environment and development policy communities. This calls for greater involvement of the Centres of Government (CoG), as providers of the leadership, vision and co-ordination needed to build a common understanding and achieve consensus on an integrated and coherent global development agenda. In the final analysis, it will be a Heads of State function to reach agreement in 2015 on the major new global frameworks for development and climate change and associated financing scenarios. Hence the importance of greater coherence between international processes, such as the MDGs, the Rio+20 Sustainable Development Goals, the post-2015 agenda, the Global Partnership for Effective Development Co-operation, the G20 and the G8.
At the G20 Summit in Saint Petersburg in September 2013, Leaders committed to participate actively in the elaboration of the post-2015 development agenda; engage in the discussions on the direction of the new framework, its key principles and ideas; and “ensure that G20 activities beyond 2015 are coherent with the new development framework” (paragraphs 86 and 87 of the G20 Leaders’ Declaration). In the same vein, the process towards the post-2015 development agenda is linked to wider intergovernmental deliberations on sustainable governance and financing.
The recently established UN High Level Political Forum on Sustainable Development is providing political leadership, guidance and recommendations for sustainable development, and is anticipated to be the body responsible for reviewing progress on the implementation of sustainable development commitments.
How can current mechanisms of global governance, such as the G20, contribute to achieve convergence of policy agendas and improve coherence for sustainable development?
Serge Tomasi, Deputy Director, Development Co-operation Directorate.
11:00-11:15 │ Coffee
Moderator: Rintaro Tamaki, Deputy Secretary-General, OECD.
Our ability to measure and monitor the existence of coherent or incoherent policies, including the associated benefits and costs, is important for evidence-based decision-making; providing feedback on actions, inaction and impacts; motivating governments and stakeholders to take action; and holding governments and other actors accountable for their policy choices. The High-Level Panel of Eminent Persons on the Post-2015 Development Agenda notes that the global community requires clear priorities, shared global metrics and national targets around which to organise itself. The Panel also recommends that the agenda includes monitoring and accountability mechanisms involving states, civil society, the private sector, foundations and the international development community. The post-2015 development agenda is expected to become a framework for the international pursuit of focused and coherent action on sustainable development, as well as national priority-setting and mobilisation of resources. It is also expected to contribute to transformational change.
The OECD recognises the important role of mutually supportive policies across a wide range of economic, social and environmental issues as well as the need to increase the impact of policies contributing to the achievement of global development goals. As part of its Strategy on Development, the OECD is currently looking at existing indicators which measure factors that may contribute to (enablers) or hinder (disablers) certain development outcomes. This session will explore the opportunities and challenges offered by this approach, as well as other efforts underway to manage and assess policy coherence at multiple levels of governance.
12h45-13h00 CONCLUSIONS AND NEXT STEPS
Opening remarks by Angel Gurría, OECD Secretary General
Priority areas in a universal agenda for sustainable development, Diana Alarcon, UNDESA
Global Trends, Development Dynamics and the Role of the OECD, Carl Dahlman, OECD Development Centre
Talking points, Betty Maina, Kenya Manufacturers' Association,
Sustainable Governance Indicators 2014 and PCD, Daniel Schraad-Tischler, Bertelsmann Foundation
China’s Perspectives on the Post-2015 Agenda, Ye Jiang, Shanghai Institutes for International Studies
Policy coherence: The key role of the centre of Government, Rolf Alter, Public Governance and Territorial Development, OECD
Finland's Food Security pilot: Better coherence and co-operation to enhance global food security, Hanna Rinkineva, MFA Finland
Role of Business Groups in Policy Coherence Action Agenda : Lessons from Public-Private Dialogue in Developing Countries, Morgane Danielou, International Fertilizer Industry Association
10 years of “Ranking the Rich” Commitment to Development Index, Petra Krylova, Centre for Global Development