In 2019 the proportion of agricultural area under productive and sustainable agriculture (SDG Indicator 2.4.1) represents 15,5% of all the agricultural area in Italy. this proportion is twice the EU average (7,5%).
The regional breakdown of SDGs indicators reveals very diverse realities across the country. For instance the proportion of people living below 50 per cent of median income, by sex, age and persons with disabilities (SDG indicator 10.2.1) is 11% in the North while is 20.3% on average across the country. Unemployment rate is 6.1% in the Northern regions while is 10% on average across the country.
The national recycling rate (SDG indicator 12.5.1) evolved from 36.7 in 2010 to 50.8 in 2018.
In 2018 over one fourth of the population was living in inadequate housing condition (SDG indicator 11.1.1) the percentage of the population living in overcrowded housing conditions continues rising and reached 27.8% in 2018
Pursuing the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), as spelled out in the 2030 Agenda, represents one of the key priorities of the Italian Parliament and Government. Italy has implemented several initiatives to advance on the 2030 Agenda.
The National Sustainable Development Strategy NSDS (launched in 2017) will be reviewed in 2020, through an open-ended participatory process involving all levels of government (local and central), main stakeholders and with the support of the academic and research sector.
Italy has in place forefront measurements of well-being and sustainability. Italy produces an annual report on 123 SGDs indicators. The 3rd edition of the report for 2020 accounts for the interactions between COVID and the 17 Goals. Since 2018 makes efforts to link the budgetary law with the well-being indicators (Indicatori Benessere Equo e Sostenibile) BES set, recognising the key importance of using socio-economic data and not only GDP, for informing decision-making. In addition, a set of 43 indicators has been selected to keep track of the NSDS at national level, (including some of the BES indicators). Currently these indicators are being territorialized at regional and metropolitan level through a multi-level dialogue.
Italy established several cutting-edge institutional mechanisms for coordinating the implementation of the Strategy including the Cabina di Regia Benessere Italia within the Presidency of the Council of Ministries (PCM) and the National Commission for Sustainable Development within the PCM. A permanent parliamentary committee for the implementation of 2030 Agenda has been set up in 2018.
The Ministry for Environment, Land and Sea (MATTM), who is in charge of the domestic aspects of the implementation of the NSDS, has established since 2018 a collaboration with regions and metropolitan areas for localising the objectives of the NSDS. As of today, 19 regions, the Autonomous Province of Trento and14 metropolitan areas have signed an agreement with MATTM and have started working in order to design the governance system as well as the contents and the enabling conditions for their own sustainable development strategies. Finally, MATTM launched in 2019 the Forum for Sustainable Development, conceived as a permanent platform for the active engagement of civil society with the public administration.
Italy already took some important steps towards policy coherence for sustainable development in particular with the recent approval of the reform that transformed the Inter-ministerial Committee for Economic Programming (CIPE) into the Inter-ministerial Committee for Economic Programming for Sustainable Development (as of 1st January 2021), to foster their mandate to coordinate policies towards 2030 Agenda objectives.