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Norway has successfully developed a resource-based economy (hydroelectricity, petroleum, fisheries, agriculture) and is also competitive in specific sectors of the world market (light metals, automotive parts, maritime equipment and services).
While growth has primarily benefited the South, where most urban areas are located, demographic and economic patterns are more complex. Many rural areas all over the country experience population loss and offer limited job opportunities in spite of efforts to retain inhabitants.
Few other countries feature the combination of very low population densities and difficult topography that hinders communication, in addition to a variety of contrasting climates. But the “Nordic welfare model” strives, with a good degree of success, to offer equal living conditions to all citizens by providing proper access to quality public services across the country. This comes, however, at great cost.
The Territorial Review of Norway is integrated into a wider programme of national territorial reviews undertaken by the OECD Territorial Development Committee. The overall aim of the territorial review series is to provide practical policy advice to national governments. Recent national territorial reviews have covered Canada, the Czech Republic, Finland, France, Hungary, Italy, Japan, Korea, Luxembourg, Mexico and Switzerland.
Readers can access the full version of OECD Territorial Reviews: Norway choosing from the following options: