Data are available from 1980 and provide comparable information on marketable and non-marketable central government debt instruments in all OECD member countries. They are expressed either in million of US dollars or as a percentage of GDP. The coverage of the data is limited to central government debt issuance and excludes therefore state and local government debt and social security funds. Source: Central Goverment Debt Database
Denmark is at the forefront of efforts made by countries around the world to provide and use online services and to boost a more efficient and effective public sector.
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An important criterion for the success of regulatory reform is whether regulatory systems accomplish their policy objectives. Despite a massive increase in regulation and government-imposed formalities in most countries since the 1970s, results have too often been disappointing.
This publication on cutting red tape analyses how administrative simplification is used as a regulatory quality tool to review and reduce administrative and regulatory procedures.
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The 2009 report presents indicators of the development of the regulatory management systems used in OECD countries to improve the quality of regulation.
Located on the southern coast of China, Guangdong is the country’s most populous and rich province. It has 95.4 million inhabitants and provides one-eighth of the national GDP. A key development feature of Guangdong has been “processing trade”, which has allowed companies to profit from importing materials, assembling goods and exporting them via Hong Kong, China.
The recent economic crisis has had a strong impact on the province, although Guangdong also faces in-depth structural problems. Growing labour costs and strain on land availability have increasingly challenged the province’s traditional model of development, as have new competitors in China and abroad. Meanwhile, regional disparities within the province have increased, with a high concentration of economic activities and foreign direct investment in the Pearl River Delta area, an agglomeration of nine prefectures of 47.7 million inhabitants that represents 79.4% of the province’s total GDP.
This review assesses Guangdong’s current approach to economic development. The province is focusing on industrial policies primarily aimed at heavy manufacturing industries (e.g. automobile, shipbuilding, petrochemicals) and supported by investment in hard infrastructure transport projects and energy supply, along with the implementation of the “Double Relocation” policies intended to move lower value-added factories to lagging regions through incentive mechanisms like industrial parks.
The review discusses how some principles of the OECD regional paradigm could help Guangdong. It also addresses the huge environmental challenges that the province is facing and explores the opportunity for developing a green growth strategy. Strategies to improve Guangdong’s governance are analysed as well, with particular attention paid to co-ordination issues within the Pearl River Delta.
The Territorial Review of Guangdong is integrated into a series of thematic reviews on regions undertaken by the OECD Territorial Development Policy Committee. The overall aim of these case studies is to draw and disseminate horizontal policy recommendations for regional and national governments.
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The OECD Working Party of Senior Budget Officials (SBO) studies ways to help countries modernise their budget processes. This note highlights key institutional elements of a reformed budget process that can help minimise the extent of any future fiscal crisis.
Under the work programme with Middle East and North African countries (MENA), the third meeting of the OECD-MENA Senior Budget Officials network was held in Dubai, United Arab Emirates, 31 October-1 November 2010, hosted by the authorities of the United Arab Emirates
In light of the recent financial crisis and the pressing social, environmental and economic challenges facing governments today, this conference offered a timely opportunity to redefine the agenda for regulatory policy with a forward-looking perspective.
The report will help countries to better understand regional policies and to formulate and diffuse horizontal policy recommendations. The analysis suggests an important role for regional policies in shaping sustainable endogenous development.