Regulations are indispensable for the proper functioning of society and markets. Technical
regulations, referred to as NOMs in Mexico, set specific safety and quality requirements
for products across sectors. Implementing Technical Regulations in Mexico provides
the first assessment of the challenges facing regulatory delivery of technical regulations
carried out under the aegis of the OECD Regulatory Policy Committee. This report analyses
the delivery of Mexican NOMs, focusing on policies and practices around conformity
assessment and regulatory inspections. Based on an analysis of NOMs’ framework and
implementation policies and practices, the review identifies key areas for improvement
and provides recommendations for Mexico to develop a whole-of-government and systemic
approach to regulatory delivery of technical regulations.
Published on June 15, 2020Also available in: Spanish
Mexico has put in place a strong framework around technical regulations, known as NOMs, with numerous actors involved in their implementation, including public sector bodies, technical entities and businesses. There are over 700 NOMs in force covering a number of regulated sectors. However, there is no cohesive and coherent vision to secure their implementation and promote compliance.
Mexico uses a number of sector-specific approaches to conformity assessment, yet there is no common methodology for their development and selection. Developing a coherent approach to conformity assessment across relevant sectors and promoting the role of conformity assessment bodies can help address the limitations in the conformity assessment infrastructure.
A reliable and trustworthy inspection of NOMs in some sectors has successfully built trust but a number of significant challenges remain in enhancing the effectiveness of surveillance. Developing a coherent, risk and evidence-based approach to regulatory inspections can strengthen regulatory delivery of NOMs.
THE OECD RECOMMENDS
Advancing towards a whole-of-government policy and a systemic approach to the implementation of NOMs to enable their effectiveness;
Developing a coherent approach to conformity assessment across relevant sectors, including through guidance documents on the design of CAPs, and improving Mexico’s conformity assessment infrastructure to promote the role of CABs and the use of NOMs.
Enhancing the effectiveness of regulatory inspections via a more coherent approach focusing on managing and targeting resources and improving co-ordination and data sharing among agencies