Published on March 01, 2018
This report examines governance frameworks to counter illicit trade. It looks at the adequacy and effectiveness of sanctions and penalties applicable, the steps parties engaged in illicit trade take to lower the risk of detection - for example through small shipments - and the use of free trade zones as hubs for managing trade in illicit products. It also identifies gaps in enforcement that may need to be addressed. The report provides an overview of selected enforcement issues in BRICS economies (Brazil, China, India, the Russian Federation and South Africa).
Part One: Countering Illicit Trade, enforcement challenges4 chapters available
Part Two: Survey of some enforcement practices in BRICS economies8 chapters available
webcast: publication launch, washington, dc, united states