Critical infrastructures are the backbone of modern, interconnected economies. The
disruption of key systems and essential services - such as telecommunications, energy
or water supply, transportation or finance - can cause substantial economic damage.
This report looks at how to boost critical infrastructure resilience in a dynamic
risk landscape, and discusses policy options and governance models to promote up-front
resilience investments. Based on an international survey, the report analyses the
progressive shift of critical infrastructure policies from asset protection to system
resilience. The findings are reflected in a proposed Policy Toolkit for the Governance
of Critical Infrastructure Resilience, which can guide governments in taking a more
coherent, preventive approach to protecting and sustaining essential services.