Anti-corruption and integrity in the public sector

Brazil's Supreme Audit Institution

The Audit of the Consolidated Year-end Government Report

In series:OECD Public Governance Reviewsview more titles

Published on February 05, 2013

Supreme audit institutions have a distinct role in supporting the development of a more strategic and forward looking state. This report assesses the role of Brazil's SAI – the Federal Court of Accounts (Tribunal de Contas da União or TCU) – in enhancing accountability and informing decision making within the federal government. The review focuses specifically on the audit of the Consolidated Year end Government Report (Prestação de Contas da Presidenta de República or PCPR). Although the TCU is a well respected independent government institution and completes the audit of the PCPR in line with constitutional provisions and international best practice,  several challenges remain. Deepening TCU understanding of challenges and barriers affecting the use of its audit – especially by the legislature – is critical for enhancing accountability and informing decision making.  Moreover, framing clearly and concisely the main findings will make the TCU work audit more accessible and elevate the imperative for action. Creating a more explicit and co-ordinated TCU communication strategy will also improve the value and benefit of the audit findings.


Abbreviations and acronyms
Executive summary
Key recommendations
Assessment and recommendations
Consolidated year-end government reporting
Audit objectives and reporting
Audit planning and implementation
Communicating findings and assessing impact
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Key findings

04/12/2012: Brazil’s supreme audit institution – the Federal Court of Accounts (TCU) – has begun a process to reform its audit of the Accounts of the President of the Republic to enhance transparency and accountability of federal budget execution.

“By explaining the significance and benefits of its audit results and recommendations, Brazil’s Federal Court of Accounts will better mobilise the Congress and citizens to demand improvements in the integrity of government reporting” said Janos Bertok, Head of the Public Sector Integrity Division of the OECD. “Integrity in government reporting is a necessary precondition for enhancing accountability and informed government decision making”. Read the full speech.

Aligning the audit opinion on the Accounts of the President of the Republic with international audit standards of clarity and readability, as well as highlighting the benefits of action - and consequences of inaction - will help the federal executive decide which reforms to target.  It will also equip the National Congress and citizens to monitor improvments in the government accounts.

Redesigning the TCU audit report focus on evidence underpinning the main findings and how these findings were reached will support discussions on government accountability. The link between the TCU report and its main findings is relatively low. This situation risks that the TCU diverts attention from its main findings (Figure 1).


SAI review Brazil figure 1


An explicit communication strategy for this audit will help the TCU to define primary target audiences as well as to identify communication objectives, refine key messages and select an appropriate communications mix for each of these audiences. Attention should focus specifically on the National Congress which only begins to review the Accounts of the President more than two years after the completion of the TCU audit (Figure 2).


SAI review Brazil figure 2 


 The Public Governance Review of Brazil’s Supreme Audit Institution has been developed through a year-long dialogue with the TCU and senior officials from SAIs, the executive and legislature in other OECD countries.


Further reading