TopicsScience and innovation

Workshop on digital technology for science and innovation – Emerging topics for policy and assessment  Watch the replays

The digitalisation of science, technology and innovation

How has digitalisation affected science, technology and innovation, what future effects could it have, and what does it mean for policy? Published in February 2020, The Digitalisation of Science, Technology and Innovation examines these developments and implications for policy, and also assesses the effects of digitalisation on long-standing policy themes, from access to publicly funded research data to the diffusion of technology and its absorption by firms. It also explores new and emerging topics. Individual chapters include:

  • An overview of key developments and policies
  • How are science, technology and innovation going digital? The statistical evidence
  • Digital technology, the changing practice of science and implications for policy
  • Digital innovation: Cross-sectoral dynamics and policy implications
  • Artificial intelligence, digital technology and advanced production
  • Digitalisation in the bioeconomy: Convergence for the bio-based industries
  • The digitalisation of science and innovation policy

Digital innovation: Seizing policy opportunities

Digital Innovation: Seizing Policy Opportunities discusses how the digital transformation – digital technologies, data and software, AI-based analytics and other advances – is changing innovation processes and outcomes. It highlights the general trends across the economy and factors behind sector-specific dynamics, including increasing use of data as a key input for innovation, the expanding possibilities for experimentation offered by virtual simulation, 3D printing and other digital technologies, and the growing focus on services innovation enabled by digital technologies.

In view of such changes, the report evaluates how innovation policies should adapt to foster innovation and inclusive development in the digital age, and identifies priority areas for policy action. It also explores novel innovation policy approaches implemented by countries to foster digital technology adoption and collaborative innovation.

Digitalisation is changing science

All stages of the scientific process, from the development of research agendas to the production and dissemination of scientific knowledge are being radically altered by digitalisation.

This new world of open science and big data holds enormous promise but at the same time it presents new challenges for policy makers, scientific institutions and individual researchers.

Find out more in our policy note on fostering science and innovation in the digital age and this selection of papers:

Innovation in science and technology has been changed by digital transformation. For example, we can more easily access research or use tech such as a 3D printing to quickly create prototypes. Governments have a role to play by introducing supportive policies such as encouraging public-private partnerships and fostering the spread of digital know-how.

OECD Science, Technology and Innovation Outlook: Adapting to technological and societal disruption

Science, technology and innovation activities face sevral disruptive drivers of change. How can STI policies adapt to the challenges and opportunities of growing digitalisation and the digital age?

The STI Outlook 2018 reviews key trends in science, technology and innovation policy in OECD countries and a number of major partner economies. The 14 chapters cover a range of areas:

  • An introduction to the 2018 edition of the STI Outlook
  • Artificial intelligence and the technologies of the next production revolution
  • Perspectives on innovation policies in the digital age
  • STI policies for delivering on the Sustainable Development Goals
  • Artificial intelligence and machine learning in science
  • Enhanced access to data for science, technology and innovation
  • Addressing gender inequalities in STI
  • New trends in public research funding
  • The governance of public research policy across OECD countries
  • Technology governance and the innovation process
  • New approaches in STI policy design and experimentation
  • The digitalisation of science and innovation policy
  • Mixing experimentation and targeting: Innovative entrepreneurship policy in a digitised world
  • Towards the next generation of data and indicators