TopicsScience and innovation

Digitalisation is changing science

All stages of the scientific process, from the development of research agendas to the production and dissemination of scientific knowledge are being radically altered by digitalisation. This new world of open science and big data holds enormous promise but at the same time it presents new challenges for policy makers, scientific institutions and individual researchers. Find out more in this selection of papers.

Artificial intelligence

What sort of policy and institutional frameworks should guide AI design and use, as autonomous and self-taught machines become part of our everyday lives?

As artificial intelligence permeates economies and societies, how can we ensure that AI benefits society as a whole?

Such questions are become increasingly important to address and the global co-operation of all stakeholders is needed more than ever.

Does 3D printing affect the environment?

With exciting new technologies, the next production revolution also presents new challenges. How does 3D printing affect the environment and how can governments respond?

>> See also: Chapter on 3D printing and its environmental implications in the publication The Next Production Revolution: Implications for Governments and Business

Future technology trends

In the 2016 OECD Science, Technology and Innovation (STI) Outlook, an entire chapter is devoted to future technology trends. It discusses ten key or emerging technologies that are among the most promising yet potentially disruptive, and some possible socio-economic impacts and related policy issues.

The technologies considered are:

Common themes across these technologies are also highlighted.

>> See also: The OECD STI Scoreboard 2017a collection of over 200 indicators illustrating how the digital transformation is affecting science, innovation, the economy and the way people work and live.

The next production revolution

Technological development will inevitably disrupt today’s industries, and incumbent firms will be challenged as new technologies redefine the terms of competitive success. The precise pace and scale of future adjustments are unknown. But resilience and prosperity will be more likely in countries with forward-looking policies, better functioning institutions, better educated and informed citizens, and critical technological capabilities in a number of sectors.

The Next Production Revolution: Implications for Government and Business examines the opportunities and challenges, for business and government, associated with technologies bringing about the “next production revolution”. The technologies considered in this report, from information and communication technologies and robots to new materials, have more to contribute to productivity than they currently do. Often, their use is predominantly in larger firms. And even in those firms, many potential applications are underused.