Digitalisation is likely to have a profound impact on the world of work, affecting not only how many and what types of jobs are available, but also how and by whom they will be carried out. This brings both risks and opportunities. According to recent OECD estimates, nearly one in ten jobs could be automated, while another 25% could undergo significant change as a result of automation. At the same time, new jobs are emerging elsewhere, including for big data specialists, app developers, social media managers, and Internet of Things architects.
In addition, digitalisation has given rise to the platform economy and, while the number of gig workers is currently relatively small, it is increasing rapidly. While new types of work promoted by the digital revolution allow for more flexibility for both employers and workers, they also bring important risks in terms of lower job quality. Digitalisation therefore sets important challenges for labour market policy and institutions.
Note: Data for Belgium correspond to Flanders. Data for the United Kingdom correspond to England and Northern Ireland.