Why the OECD?
The world does not lack white papers and policy briefs on ICT and digital economy policy. But the OECD is uniquely positioned to reduce the gap between "technology 4.0" and "policy 1.0" due to its distinctive strengths:
- Specialised policy communities and supporting OECD staff that cover nearly all policy fields, enabling a whole-of-government perspective.
- Deep digital experience through the OECD’s Committee on Digital Economy Policy, which has analysed the growth of the digital economy for 25 years.
- Direct access to policy makers and stakeholder communities from a wide variety of countries, many of which have been at the forefront of the transformation.
Since early 2017 the OECD has been examining how the digital transformation affects policymaking across a large spectrum of policy areas, including competition; consumer policy; digital economy policy (privacy, security, infrastructure, economic impact); science, technology and innovation; industry and entrepreneurship; insurance and private pensions; financial markets; fiscal affairs and taxation; statistics; economic policy (monetary, fiscal and structural); education and skills; employment and social affairs; public governance; and trade.
The project draws on national experiences and policy experimentation occurring across the OECD’s member countries, accession countries, key partners and many other economies involved in the OECD's work. These countries offer a rich diversity of approaches, challenges and levels of development. The OECD has also been engaging policy makers and stakeholders in a variety of ways. The OECD welcomes the active involvement and contributions of governments and stakeholders in this work.
The March 2019 Going Digital Summit marked the end of the first phase of the project. Over 2019 and 2020, Phase II aims to help countries implement an integrated policy approach to the digital transformation, especially through further development of the Going Digital Toolkit (including indicators, policy notes and innovative policy examples) and Going Digital national reviews.
Phase II will also address new opportunities and challenges through analysis of frontier technologies, notably artificial intelligence and blockchain, with an ongoing focus on jobs, skills and social inclusion, and on productivity, competition and market structures (including the evolving role of platforms and SMEs).
The Going Digital project is designed to actively engage with governments, stakeholders, and independent experts, including through workshops and roundtables planned in various countries before, during and after the analysis has been completed.
The project builds on three main pillars, each designed to break new ground in our understanding of the digital transformation and its effects on our economies and societies: