Global Relations › OECD partnerships with international organisations › Forms of Co-operation
The form of co-operation varies, depending on the issues and circumstances, from jointly financed activities or publications, through formal or informal participation in each other’s events, to exchange of information and statistics.
An important form of co-operation is the participation of other organisations in the OECD policy dialogue, through, inter alia, observerships in formal OECD bodies. More than 70 organisations participate as observer in one or more OECD Committees and Working Groups. Some 30 organisations take part in selected OECD bodies as full members.
Council decisions regarding observerships in OECD bodies are made on a case-by-case basis. Monitoring is ensured by the CCNM within the framework of its partnership mandate. Detailed information on the participation of international organisations in formal OECD bodies is available at OECD’s On-line Guide to Intergovernmental Activity.
The most elaborate mechanism by which the OECD co-ordinates its relationship with other international organisations is through partnership agreements signed with comparable organisations with which OECD has close and wide-ranging co-operation. While not legally binding, partnership agreements reaffirm the commitment by the leaders of both organisations to the ongoing co-operative efforts and state in concrete terms future priorities to give further focus to, and enhance co-operation between, the two organisations.
The OECD has currently signed partnership agreements with five partner organisations: the World Bank (WB), the Asian Development Bank (ADB), the Inter-American Development Bank (IDB), the World Health Organization (WHO) and the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD).
Co-operation with other organisations do not necessarily have to take form of a partnership agreement or memorandum signed by both sides. More informal arrangements can also support fruitful collaboration: sharing information and experience, building networks of policy makers and resource persons, participating in other organisations’ events, contributing to a specific publication, etc. Much co-operation is ad hoc. Some organisations are specialised in one area and principally co-operate with one or two OECD Directorates.
CCNM plays a key role in monitoring the development and implementation of OECD partnerships with international organisations. It ensures the transparency of ongoing initiatives and acts as clearing house for good practices across the OECD regarding co-operation with other organisations.