Productivity has moved up significantly over the past two years. Sweden's knowledge-based economy and highly skilled workers make for high productivity, strong integration in the high-value parts of global value chains, and inclusive growth. However, falling school results and comparatively low skills among immigrants pose challenges.
- Simplify regulatory procedures, in particular regarding licences and permits.
- Streamline land-use planning and zoning regulations, and increase incentives for municipalities to release land.
- Improve the quality of roads and rail.
- Broaden support for innovation, enhance co-ordination of innovation and research policies.
- Reduce the stringency of employment protection for permanent contracts.
Source: OECD May 2017 Economic Outlook database.
Hagén, H.O. (2011), “Multifactor productivity growth in Sweden 1993-2010”, in Yearbook on Productivity 2012, Statistics Sweden, Stockholm.
McKinsey (2012), Growth and renewal in the Swedish economy, Development, current situation and priorities for the future, McKinsey Sweden and McKinsey Global Institute.
OECD (2015), OECD Economic Surveys: Sweden 2015, OECD Publishing, Paris, Chapter 1. Strengthening the Foundations for Growth.
Productivity - enhancing institutions
The Innovation Council’s task is to develop Sweden as an innovation nation and strengthen Sweden’s competitiveness. It has an advisory role and provides new perspectives on issues of importance to innovation policy. Prime Minister Stefan Löfven is chairman of the Innovation Council, which consists of five ministers and ten advisory members from business and research areas.
The Ministry of Enterprise and Innovation is responsible for matters relating to housing and urban development, state-owned enterprises, information technology, enterprise and industrial policy, rural affairs, regional growth, post issues and infrastructure.
Growth Analysis has the task of analysing the areas that are most important for growth. The overall objective is to strengthen Swedish competitiveness and create conditions for more jobs in more and growing businesses throughout the country. Growth Analysis works on evaluations, analyses and statistics in a broad Swedish and international perspective.