Labour productivity has declined since 2011. To boost productivity and inclusion, ensure more market competition, in particular in network sectors, strengthen the management of state-owned enterprises, reduce red tape and access barriers and improve the education system.
OECD (2015), "More effective infrastructure and business regulation", in OECD, OECD Economic Surveys: South Africa 2015, OECD Publishing, Paris.
Fedderke, J.W. (2013), “South Africa’s Growth Performance” in H. Bhorat et al (eds), The Oxford Companion to the Economics of South Africa, Oxford University Press, Oxford, pp. 39-50.
Klein, N. (2012), "Real Wage, Labor Productivity, and Employment Trends in South Africa: A Closer Look", International Monetary Fund WP/12/92.National Planning Commission (2011), The National Development Plan (NDP).
Productivity - enhancing institutions
The National Planning Commission was established in 2010 to develop a long term vision and strategic plan for South Africa. It is tasked with producing research on cross-cutting issues to provide evidence and recommendations to the government. The 24 part-time external commissioners were drawn from public nominations and chairperson and deputy chairperson are appointed by the president.
Productivity SA was established as a public entity in 1969 and rebranded in 2007. Its mandate is to enhance the productive capacity of all South Africans and key activities include running programmes such as providing technical assistance to companies and organisations. Its board comprises members from labour, government and business.