In 1998, GOV launched a survey on changes in the employment status in public administrations in selected member countries. The results of that survery were published in the report "Trends in Human Resources Management in the Public Sector", which deals with government's policies to retain a skilled workforce.
Most OECD member countries are facing, or will be facing, difficulties in recruiting and retaining civil servants, in particular those who are highly skilled. The OECD survey shows that several countries including Canada, Denmark, Finland and Sweden are already experiencing this problem. In other countries, recruitment and retention is not a problem at the moment largely due to a decreased number of government positions. But these countries anticipate that they will also confront the same challenges in a few years' time. In addition, some countries suffer from critical skills shortages, in the areas of IT specialists, technical experts, and auditors and economists, etc.
To help governments enhance the competitiveness of public employment and improve professionalism in the public service, the OECD conducted a project on the "Competitive Public Employer" in 2001. The project identified some reasons underlying these problems. They are:
The preliminary conclusions for resolving the challenges and problems are as follows:
For this project, eleven country cases were collected including Austria, Canada, Denmark, Germany, Italy, Korea, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Spain and Sweden.
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