Proposals to increase environmentally related taxes are often challenged on competitiveness grounds. The concern is that value creation in certain sectors might decline domestically if a country introduces environmentally related taxes unilaterally. This paper provides evidence on the short-term competitiveness impacts of the German electricity tax introduced unilaterally in 1999.
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Germany has reduced the mortality due to cardiovascular diseases (CVD) in line with other OECD countries
The Secretary-General of the OECD attended the G7 Summit in Schloss Elmau on 8 June 2015. Here are the main achievements and OECD contributions.
At the invitation of Angela Merkel, Federal Chancellor of Germany, Secretary-General Gurría participated in working sessions on the Development Agenda alongside G7 partners, African Leaders and Heads of IGOs.
More than three million individuals who were born in Germany lived in another OECD country in 2010/11. To assess the potential that this group represents for the German labour market, this review establishes the distribution of German emigrants over OECD countries, as well as their age, sex, and educational attainment. Shifts in the German diaspora towards European destination countries and higher educational attainment are documented. The largest German diaspora still resides in the United States, but the diaspora in Switzerland and Spain has grown particularly quickly. International students from Germany have even come to represent the largest group of international students from any OECD country. While German emigrants experience less favourable labour market outcomes than their peers in Germany, the emigrants work disproportionately often in high-skill occupations. Survey evidence suggests that many Germans in Germany consider emigration and that many German emigrants are open to return. Those who have returned in recent years, however, appear to have a lower educational attainment than those leaving.
Germany is both the OECD’s second-largest country of immigration and one of the main origin countries of emigrants: 3.4 million people born in Germany were living in another OECD country in 2011, says a new OECD report “Talent Abroad: A Review of German Emigrants”.
The Secretary-General was in Berlin to present the 2015 OECD Skills Outlook. He also attended a number of meetings including the International Transport Forum annual summit in Leipzig and the G7 finance summit in Dresden.
Trade and tourism are central to today’s global economy and must be underpinned by efficient and reliable transport systems, which are vital for the smooth functioning of global value chains. Despite the importance of the transport sector, it remains heavily regulated. Furthermore, transport policy can and should play a role in tackling climate change.
Skills drive economic growth and can boost social cohesion. With growth increasingly driven by productivity improvements, the future economic and social well-being of OECD countries will depend upon providing our young people with the right skills to succeed in the 21st century job market.
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This country note provides information on latest trends in income inequalities as well as key findings from the 2015 OECD report "In it Together: Why less inequality benefits all".