OECD Environmental Performance Reviews: Germany 2012


     ‌     Germany 

HighlightsAssessment & Recommendations | How to obtain this publication

OECD Environmental Performance Reviews: Germany 2012

This is the third review of Germany's environmental performance. It analyses progress in achieving a range of national objectives and international commitments, and presents 29 recommendations on how performance could be improved. Progress towards a green, low carbon economy is part of the assessment.

The OECD Environmental Performance Reviews provide independent assessments of countries’ progress in achieving their environmental policy objectives in order to help improve individual and collective environmental performance.

The Highlights (also in French, German) present the main OECD findings. Click here for the full Assessment & Recommendations, as endorsed by OECD countries.


Key environmental trends

During the 2000s, Germany performed well on many economic and social indicators and continued to improve its overall environmental performance. This report presents a snapshot of Germany's progress and challenges in:  

  • Reducing the carbon, energy and resource intensities of its economy.
  • Managing its natural asset base. 
  • Improving the environmental quality of life.


Policy-making environment

Over the last decade, Germany has consolidated and further developed what was already an ambitious environmental policy framework. There has been a shift from sector-specific to more comprehensive, cross-cutting policies. The issues examined include:

  • The key environmental and sustainable development initiatives.
  • The institutional framework for environmental and sustainable development policies.
  • The mechanisms to promote active public participation.


Towards green growth

Germany has made major progress in establishing an environmental policy framework that supports green growth. The use of economic instruments has been extended and a competitive environmental goods and services sector has emerged. Discussed is Germany's progress in:

  • Greening the tax system.
  • Removing environmentally perverse incentives.
  • Extending the use of pricing mechanisms.
  • Ensuring a consistent regulatory framework.
  • Investing in the environment to promote economic growth.
  • Promoting the environmental goods and services sector.
  • Mainstreaming the environment in trade and development.


Environmental innovation

A strong national innovation framework, a broad industrial base, a high level of participation in international trade, and strict environmental regulations have underpinned Germany’s environmental innovation performance. The issues reviewed include:

  • The role of technological innovation in German environmental policy.
  • Environmental policy instruments to foster innovation.
  • Policies to promote renewable energy, including feed-in tariffs.
  • General innovation policy.


Climate change

Germany is a front-runner in developing solutions to address the challenge of climate change. It managed to considerably reduce domestic greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions over the 2000s and set ambitious emission reduction targets to 2020 and beyond. The report analyses Germany's GHG emission performance and reviews:

  • The policy-making framework.
  • The instruments in place for pricing carbon.
  • The policies that promote renewable energy and energy efficiency.
  • The policies and measures in the transport sector.
  • Climate policy objectives after 2012.


Access the full version of Environmental Performance Reviews: Germany 2012 by choosing from the following options:


For ‌more information please contact Ivana Capozza or Shayne MacLachlan