Government debt has risen sharply in most OECD countries. The OECD-wide gross debt-to-GDP ratio increased from 73% of GDP in 2007 to 111% in 2013, the highest ratio since the aftermath of the Second World War. Taking into account various criteria, the OECD suggests that gross debt above about 80% of GDP has detrimental consequences for growth.
In this post-crisis period, restoring trust in governments is essential to reinforce and consolidate the foundations of modern states. It is also a necessary condition for governments to successfully carry out public sector reforms. But where do we stand on citizen's trust?
Labour market conditions are generally improving in OECD countries. However, employment is still growing too slowly in the OECD area to close the jobs gap induced by the crisis by the end of 2016.
Unemployment remains well above its pre‑crisis levels in many OECD countries, reflecting the disappointing pace of the global economic recovery so far. Across the OECD area, more than 42 million people are unemployed, still 7.7 million more than in July 2008.
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The report discusses the changes in perspective and changes in the OECD’s analysis, instruments and tools that are required to gear the OECD towards addressing future challenges in an increasingly interconnected and complex global economy. It maps the policy trade-offs and complementarities and discusses the policy implications and recommendations deriving from NAEC projects to support an inclusive and sustainable growth agenda.
The OECD is represented outside of Paris by Centres in Berlin, Mexico City, Tokyo, and Washington. The Centres serve as regional contacts for the full range of OECD activities, from the sales of publications, to inquiries from the media, to liaison with governments, parliaments, business, labour and civil society. They help disseminate information regarding OECD activities, and serve to communicate priorities from member countries'
We have tried and grouped together a list of Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ). If ever your question is not addressed in the following FAQ section, please use the Contact us section of the OECD website.
The ITF Transport Outlook examines the development of global transport volumes and related CO2 emissions and health impacts through to 2050. It examines factors that can affect supply and demand for transport services and focuses on scenarios illustrating potential upper and lower pathways, discussing their relevance to policy making.
This edition presents an overview of long-run scenarios for the development of global passenger and freight transport volumes, with emphasis on changes in global trade flows and the consequences of rapid urbanisation. It focuses on the characteristics of mobility development in developing countries, from Latin America to Chinese and Indian cities, highlighting the importance of urban mobility policies for the achievement of national and global sustainability goals.
Giving young people the skills and tools to find a job is not only good for their own prospects and self-esteem, it is also good for economic growth, social cohesion and widespread well-being. That’s why investing in youth must be a policy priority the world over. This page provides an overview of OECD work on the topic of youth.
This 2014 edition of OECD Research and Development Expenditure in Industry provides statistical data on R&D expenditure broken down by industrial and service sectors. Data are presented in current and constant USD PPP values by main activity and product field. Coverage is provided for 28 OECD countries and four non-member economies. The coverage of ANBERD includes multiple sectors, with extended coverage of service sectors according to ISIC Revision 4 classification.This publication is a unique source of detailed internationally-comparable business R&D data, making it an invaluable tool for economic research and analysis.