General

Acronyms and Abbreviations



A

AAA

Accra Agenda for Action

AAP

African Action Plan

AAU

Assigned Amount Units

ABCIS

OECD Development Centre Asian Business Cycle Indicators

ACE

American Council on Education

ACER

Australian Council for Educational Research

ACLD

Arbitration of Company Law Disputes

ACN

Anti-Corruption Network for Eastern Europe and Central Asia

ACU

Association of Commonwealth Universities

ADB

Asian Development Bank

ADR

Alternative Dispute Resolution

AEGL

Acute Exposure Guideline Levels

AEI

Agri-Environmental Indicators

AEN

African Enterprise Network

AEO

African Economic Outlook   

AFA

Activities of Foreign Affiliates

AfDB

African Development Bank

AFT

Aid for Trade   

AGR

Former Directorate for Food, Agriculture and Fisheries (now Trade and Agriculture Directorate)

AHELO

Assessment of Higher Education Learning Outcomes

AIXG

Annex I Expert Group on the UNFCCC, now called Climate Change Expert Group (CCXG)

AKS

Agricultural Knowledge Systems

ALMP

Active Labour Market Policies

AMAD

Agricultural Market Access Database

AMSDE

OECD Annual Meeting of Sustainable Development Experts

ANBERD

Analytical Business Enterprise Research and Development database

APA

Advance Pricing Agreements

APDI

Agricultural Policies and Development Indicators for Africa

APEC

Asia-Pacific Economic Co-operation

APRM

African Peer Review Mechanism

ASEAN

Association of South-East Asian Nations

AU

African Union

AUCC

Association of Universities and Colleges of Canada


B

B2B

Business-to-Business

B2C

Business-to-Consumer

BAFTA

Baltic Free-Trade Agreement

BEPS

Base Erosion and Profit Shifting

BERD

Business Expenditure on Research and Development

BIAC

Business and Industry Advisory Committee to the OECD

BLI

OECD Better Life index

BRC

Biological Resource Centres

BRIC

Brazil, Russia, India and China

BRICS

Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa

BRIICS

Brazil, Russia, India, Indonesia, China and South Africa

BSTS

Former Basic Science and Technology Statistics (now Research and Development Statistics)

BTD

Bilateral Trade Database

BoP

Balance of Payments


C

C2C

Consumer to Consumer

CARAT

Chemical Accident Risk Assessment Thesaurus (database)

CBA

Cost-Benefit Analysis

CBD

Convention on Biological Diversity

CBSS

Council of Baltic Sea States

CCF

Common-Cause-Failure

CCP

Committee on Consumer Policy

CCXG

Climate Change Expert Group on the UNFCCC

CDEP

Committee on Digital Economy Policy

CDH

Careers of Doctorate Holders

CDI

Centre for Documentation and Information

CDM

Clean Development Mechanism

CEA

Cost-Effectiveness Analysis

CEC

North American Commision for Environment Co-operation

CEDEFOP

European Centre for the Development of Vocational Training

CEEC

Central and Eastern European Countries

CEFTA

Central European Free-Trade Agreement

CELE

Centre for Effective Learning Environments

CEMAC

Central African Economic Community and Monetary Union (Cameroon, Centrafrica, Chad, Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon)

CEPES

European Centre for Higher Education (Unesco)

CER

Certified Emission Reductions

CERI

Centre for Educational Reasearch and Innovation   

CFA

Committee on Fiscal Affairs   

CFE

Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs and Local Development

CGE

Computable General Equilibrium (model)

CHEM

Chemicals Committee

CIB

International Council for Research and Innovation in Building and Construction (see CELE - Centre for Effective Learning and Environment)

CIIE

Committee for Industry, Innovation and Entrepreneurship

CILSS

Permanent Interstate Committee for Drought Control in the Sahel

CIME

Committee on International Investment and Multinational Enterprises (now Investment Committee)

CIRR

Commercial Interest Reference Rates

CIS

Commonwealth of Independent States

CISP

Working Party on Communication Infrastructures and Services Policy

CITES

Convention of International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora

CLI

Composite Leading Indicators  

CLP

Competition Law and Policy

CMF

Committee on Financial Markets  

CMIT

Committee on Capital Movements and Invisible Transactions (now Investment Committee)

CNG

Compressed Natural Gas

CNRA

Committee on Nuclear Regulatory Activities

COE

Council of Europe

COMESA

Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa

COMP

Competition Committee

COP

Conference of the Parties  

CPG

OECD's Central Purchasing Group

CPI

Consumer Price Indices  

CPP

Chemical Product Policy  

CPU

Conference of University Presidents

CRP

Co-operative Research Programme: Biological Resource Management for Sustainable Agricultural Systems

CRPPH

Committee on Radiation Protection and Public Health (Nuclear Energy Agency)

CRS

Creditor Reporting System   

CSD

United Nations Commission for Sustainable Development

CSE

Consumer Support Estimate (indicator used as of 1999 at the OECD)
Consumer Subsidy Equivalent (indicator used until 1998 at the OECD)

CSNI

Committee on the Safety of Nuclear Installations

CSO

Civil Society Organisation

CSTP

Committee for Scientific and Technological Policy  

CTPA

Centre for Tax Policy and Administration

CoG

Centres of Government (network)  


D

DAC

Development Assistance Committee  

DAE

Dynamic Asian Economies

DAF

Directorate for Financial and Enterprise Affairs   

DCD

Development Co-operation Directorate

DCR

Development Co-operation Report

DDA

Doha Development Agenda

DDR

Differentiated Discount Rates  

DEFINE

Development Finance Network

DEREC

DAC Evaluation Resource Centre

DEV

Development Centre

DICE

Dynamic Integrated Climate Economy (model)

DIOC

Database on Immigrants in OECD countries

DNME

Dynamic Non-Member Economies (Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Hong Kong - China, Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines, Singapore, Chinese Taipei and Thailand)

DNS

Domain Name System

DSL

Digital Subscriber Line

DeSeCo

Definition and Selection of Competencies


E

EAA

Economic Accounts for Agriculture

EAC

East African Community

EAEN

East African Enterprise Network

EAG

Education at a Glance     

EAP

Environmental Action Programme

EC

European Commission

ECA

Export Credit Agencies  

ECEC

Early Childhood Education and Care

ECG

Working Party on Export Credits and Credit Guarantees (Export Credit Group)  

ECH

Trade Directorate (now Trade and Agriculture Directorate, TAD)

ECMT

European Conference of Ministers of Transport (now International Transport Forum)

ECO

Economics Department

ECOLOC

Managing the economy locally in West Africa (launched jointly by the Sahel and West Africa Club and the Municipal Development Partnership (MDP)

ECOWAS

Economic Community of West African States

ECTS

European Credit Transfer System

ECTSG

Electronic Commerce Tax Study Group

EDI

Electronic Data Interchange

EDRC

Economic and Development Review Committee

EDTA

OECD's Special Activity on Endocrine Disrupters Testing and Assessment

EDU

Directorate for Education and Skills

EEA

European Economic Area (EU + Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway)

EEB

European Environmental Bureau

EECCA

Eastern Europe, Caucasus and Central Asia

EFTA

European Free Trade Association (Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway and Switzerland)

EHS

OECD Environment, Health and Safety Division  

EI

Education International

EIA

Environmental Impact Assessment

EIP

Entrepreneurship Indicators Programme   

ELS

Directorate for Employment, Labour and Social Affairs

ELSAC

Employment, Labour and Social Affairs Committee

EMEF

Emerging Market Economy Forum

EMO

Employment Outlook    

EMS

Environmental Management System

ENSI

Environment and School Initiative

ENV

Environment Directorate

ENVIRONET

The Network on Environment and Development Co-operation

EO

Economic Outlook  

EPA

Education Policy Analysis

EPC

Economic Policy Committee

EPOC

OECD Environment Policy Committee  

EPR

Environmental Performance Reviews  

EPTI

Environmental Policy and Technological Innovation

ERC

External Relations Committee

ERU

Emission Reduction Units

ESD

Emission Scenario Documents

ESF

European Social Fund

ESM

Environmentally Sound Management of Waste  

ETE

Emerging and Transition Economies  

ETUCE

European Trade Union Committee for Education

EU

European Union

EUA

European University Association

EUROSTAT

Statistical Office of the European Communities

EXICHEM

Existing Chemicals Pointer Database


F

FAIR

Forum for Asian Insolvency Reform  

FAO

Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

FAQ

Frequently Asked Questions

FATF

Financial Action Task Force on Money Laundering  

FATS

Foreign Affiliates Trading Services (database)

FDI

Foreign Direct Investment

FED

Forum for Enterprise Development

FMT

Financial Market Trends  

FSF

Financial Stability Forum

FSG

Fragile States Group (now International Network on Conflict and Fragility, INCAF)

FSU

Former Soviet Union

FTE

Full Time Equivalent

FYROM

Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia

FfD

Financing for Development


G

G10

The Group of Ten is made up of eleven industrial countries (Belgium, Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, the Netherlands, Sweden, Switzerland, the United Kingdom and the United States) which consult and co-operate on economic, monetary and financial matters.

G20

The Group of Twenty finance ministers and central bank governors of 19 countries (Argentina, Australia, Brazil, Canada, China, France, Germany, India, Indonesia, Italy, Japan, Mexico, Russia, Saudi Arabia, South Africa, South Korea, Turkey, United Kingdom, United States of America). The European Union, who is represented by the rotating Council presidency and the European Central Bank, is the 20th member of the G-20.

G8

Group of Eight leading industrialized countries (Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, Russia, United Kingdom, United States and observer status of the European Union)

GATS

General Agreement on Trade in Services  

GATT

General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade

GBDe

Gobal Business Dialogue on Electronic Commerce

GDP

Gross Domestic Product  

GEEPI

Group on Economic and Environmental Policy Integration

GENDERNET

Network on Gender Equality  

GEP

Group on Environmental Performance

GFC

OECD Global Forum on Competition  

GFENV

Global Forum on Environment (formerly known as Global Forum on Sustainable Development)

GFII

OECD Global Forum on International Investment

GFKE

Global Forum on the Knowledge Economy

GFSD

OECD Global Forum on Sustainable Development (now Global Forum on Environment, GFENV)

GHG

Greenhouse Gases

GHS

Globally Harmonised Classification System for Chemicals  

GID-DB

The OECD Gender, Institutions and Development Data Base

GII

Global Information Infrastructure

GIS

Global Information Society

GLC

Globalisation and Linguistic Competencies

GLP

Good Laboratory Practice   

GMO

Genetically Modified Organisms

GNI

Gross National Income

GNP

Gross National Product

GOV

Directorate for Public Governance and Territorial Development

GOVNET

DAC Network on Governance

GREEN

General Equilibrium Environmental Model

GSF

Global Science Forum   

GSSE

General Services Support Estimate

GST

Goods and Services Tax   

GVC

Global Value Chains 


H

HATS

Health as a Tracer Sector

HBGRD

Human Biobanks and Genetic Research Databases

HCQI

Health Care Quality Indicators

HDI

Human Development Index

HE

Higher Education

HEFCE

Higher Education Funding Council for England

HEI

Higher Education Institution

HIPC

Highly Indebted Poor Countries

HNWI

Engaging with High Net Worth Individuals on Tax Compliance

HPI

Human Poverty Index

HPV

High Production Volume (Chemicals)  

HRM

Human Resource Management  

HS

Harmonized Commodity Description and Coding System

HST

Harmonized Sales Tax

HTA

Health Technology Assessment

HUR

Harmonised Unemployment Rate


I

IACC

International Anti-Corruption Conference

IAEA

International Atomic Energy Agency

IALS

International Adult Literacy Survey  

IAT

Intra-African Trade

IAU

International Association of Universities

ICCP

Committee for Information, Computer and Communications Policy (now Committee on Digital Economy Policy, CDEP)

ICDE

International Common-Cause Failure Data Exchange (NEA)

ICHA

International Classification for Health Accounts

ICT

Information and Communication Technologies  

IDG

International Development Goal

IDS

International Development Statistics

IEA

International Energy Agency

IET

International Emissions Trading

IFCS

Intergovernmental Forum on Chemical Safety 

IFED

Investment, Finance and Enterprise Development

IFP

International Futures Programme

IGO

Intergovernmental Organizations

IHERD

Innovation, Higher Education and Research for Development

IIS

Indicators of Industry and Services

ILA

Individual Learning Account

ILO

International Labour Organization

IMHE

OECD Programme on Institutional Management in Higher Education

INCAF

International Network on Conflict and Fragility

INES

OECD Indicators of National Education Systems

INPRS

International Network of Pensions Regulators and Supervisors   

INTRASTAT

Statistics on Intra-Community Trade

IOHE

Inter-American Organization for Higher Education

IOM

International Organization for Migration

IOMC

Inter-Organization Programme for the Sound Management of Chemicals

IOPS

International Organisation for Pension Surpervisors

IoT

Internet of Things

IPCC

Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change

IPCS

International Programme on Chemical Safety

IPM

Integrated Pest Management  

IPR

Intellectual Property Rights  

IRI

Investment Reform Index

IRTAD

International Road Traffic and Accident Database

ISAR

International Standards of Accounting and Reporting

ISCED-97

Revised International Standard Classification of Education

ISCED

International Standard Classification of Education

ISDB

International Sectoral DataBase (discontinued in 2000; now part of STAN database)

ISIC

International Standard Industrial Classification

ISO

International Organization for Standardization

ISSA

International Social Security Association

ISUSS

International Survey of Upper Secondary Schools  

IT

Information Technologies

ITB

Individual Travel Behaviour

ITCS

International Trade by Commodities Statistics (database)

ITD

International Tax Dialogue

ITF

International Transport Forum

ITRD

International Transport Research Documentation (database)

Investment Compact

South East Europe Compact for Reform, Investment, Integrity and Growth


L

LAFTA

Latin America Free Trade Association

LDC

Least Developed Countries

LEED

Local Economic and Employment Development

LEO

Latin American Economic Outlook   

LLL

Lifelong Learning

LLN

Language, literacy and numeracy

LMO

Living Modified Organisms

LMP

OECD Labour/Management Programme

LTC

Long-term care


M

MAD

Mutual Acceptance of Data

MAI

Multilateral Agreement on Investment

MAP

Mutual Agreement Procedure

MCM

Ministerial Council Meeting    

MDG

Millennium Development Goals   

MDP

Municipal Development Programme

MEA

Multilateral Environmental Agreement

MEDA

Algeria, Egypt, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Malta, Morocco, Syria, Tunisia and Turkey

MEI

Main Economic Indicators

MENA

Middle East and North Africa

MFA

Material Flow Accounting  

MFN

Most-Favoured Nation

MFP

Multi-Factor Productivity

MLA

Mutual Legal Assistance  

MNE

Multinational Enterprises

MPS

Market Price Support

MRDE

Mutual Review of Development Effectiveness in Africa

MRV

Measurement, Reporting and Verification of greenhouse gas mitigation

MSIT

Monthly Statistics of International Trade (database)

MSTI

Main Science and Technology Indicators

MfDR

Managing for Development Results


N

NAC

Nominal Assistance Coefficient

NACE

Statistical Classification of Economic Activities in the European Community

NAFTA

North American Free Trade Agreement

NAIRU

Non-Accelerating Inflation Rate of Unemployment

NAP

National Action Plans on Employment

NAWRU

Non-Accelerating Wage Rate of Unemployment

NCCT

Non-Cooperative Countries and Territories

NCP

National Contact Point

NEA

OECD Nuclear Energy Agency  

NEAP

National Environmental Action Programme

NEHRT

New and Emerging Health-Related Technologies

NEIM

Non Member Economies and International Migration Division

NEPAD

New Partnership for Africa's Development  

NERO

National Economic Research Organisations

NESTI

National Experts on Science and Technology Indicators

NGO

Non-Governmental Organisations

NII

National Information Infrastructure

NIS

Newly Independent States

NML

New Millennium Learners  

NPC

Nominal Protection Coefficient

NPP

Nuclear Power Plant

NSO

National Statistical Offices

NTB

Non-Tariff Barriers

NTM

Non-Tariff Measures


O

ODA

Official Development Assistance

ODF

Official Development Finance

OECD

Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development  

OER

Open Educational Resources  

OFC

Offshore Financial Centers

OLIS

OECD Online Information Services

OMR

Oil Market Report  

OOE

Other OECD

OOF

Other Official Flows


P

PAC

Public Affairs and Communications Directorate

PALOP

African Countries with Portuguese as the Official Language (Angola, Cape Verde, Guinea-Bissau, Mozambique, São Tomé and Príncipe)

PAN

Pesticide Action Network

PARIS21

Partnership in Statistics for Development in the 21st Century  

PEB

OECD Programme on Educational Building (now called CELE)

PES

Public Employment Service

PET

Privacy-Enhancing Technologies

PFI

Public (or Private) Finance Initiative

PIAAC

Programme for the International Assessment of Adult Competencies  

PISA

Programme for International Student Assessment

PIT

OECD Declaration on Propriety, Integrity and Transparency in the Conduct of International Business and Finance (the PIT Declaration)

PMR

Product Market Regulation

POE

Post-Occupancy Evaluation

PPI

Producer Price Indices  

PPP

Public/Private Partnership

Purchasing Power Parities

PRSP

Poverty Reduction Strategy Papers

PRTR

Pollutant Release and Transfer Register

PSE

Producer Support Estimate (indicator used as of 1999)
Producer Subsidy Equivalent (indicator used until 1998)

PSPE

Public Sector Pay and Employment

PUMA

Public Management Committee


R

R&D

Research and Development

RDS

Research and Development Statistics

REDD

Reducing Emissions from Deforestation (and Forest Degradation)

REPIN

Regulatory Environmental Programme Implementation Network  

RFID

Radio Frequency Identification

RGI

Regulatory Governance Initiative

RIA

Regulatory Impact Analysis

ROPPA

West African Network of Farmers' Organisations and Agricultural Producers

ROW

Rest of the world

RPCA

Food Crisis Prevention Network

RTA

Regional Trade Agreements

RTR

Road Transport Research


S

SADC

Southern African Development Community (Angola, Democratic Republic of Congo, Lesotho, Malawi, Mauritius, Mozambique, Namibia, Seychelles, South Africa, Swaziland, United Republic of Tanzania, Zambia and Zimbabwe)

SAF-T

Standard Audit File - Tax

SAH

Sahel and West Africa Club

SAICM

Strategic Approach to International Chemicals Management

SBO

Senior Budget Officials Networks

SDMX

Statistical Data and Metadata Exchange

SEA

Socio-Economic Analysis

Southeast Asia

Strategic Environmental Assessment

SEE

South Eastern Europe

SGCG

Steering Group on Corporate Governance

SGE

General Secretariat of the OECD

SHA

System of Health Accounts 

SIALS

Second International Adult Literacy Survey   

SIAR

SIDS (Screening Information Data Set) Initial Assessment Report  

SIDS

Screening Information Data Set  

SIGI

The OECD Social Institutions and Gender Index

SIGMA

Support for Improvement in Governance and Management - a joint initiative of the European Union (EU) and the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), principally financed by the EU

SIREN

System of Information on Resources and the Environment

SITC

Standard International Trade Classification

SME

Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises

SMM

Sustainable Materials Management (SMM)

SNA

System of Nationatsl Accounts

SOCX

OECD Social Expenditure Database

SOE

State-Owned Enterprises

SSA

Sub-Saharan Africa

SSIS

Structural Statistics for Industry and Services

STAN

Structural Analysis Database  

STD

Statistics Directorate

STE

State Trading Enterprises

STESEG

OECD Short-Term Economic Statistics Expert Group  

STI

Directorate for Science, Technology and Innovation

STRI

Services Trade Restrictiveness Index

SUR

Standardised Unemployment Rate (now called Harmonised Unemployment Rate)

SWAC

Sahel and West Africa Club

SWF

Sovereign Wealth Funds

SfT

Schooling for Tomorrow  

sa

Seasonally adjusted


T

TAD

Trade and Agriculture Directorate

TAFE

Technical and Further Education

TAG

Technical Advisory Group

TALIS

OECD Teaching and Learning International Survey   

TBT

Technical Barriers to Trade

TCBDB

WTO/OECD Trade Capacity Building Database  

TDPC

Territorial Development Policy Committee

TDS

Territorial Development Service

TED

Teacher Education for Diversity

TEFED

Transition Economies Forum Enterprise Development

TFF

Technology Foresight Forum

TFP

Total Factor Productivity

TIEAS

Tax Information Exchange Agreements

TIP

Working Group on Innovation and Technology Policy

TISP

Working Party on Telecommunication and Information Services Policy (now Working Party on Communication Infrastructures and Services Policy, CISP)

TiVA

Trade in Value Added

TMW

Transboundary Movements of Wastes

TSE

Total Support Estimate

TSI

Territorial Statistics and Indicators

TUAC

Trade Union Advisory Committee to the OECD


U

UIA

International Union of Architects

UN ECOSOC

United Nations Economic and Social Council

UNCTAD

United Nations Conference on Trade and Development

UNDHA

United Nations Department of Humanitarian Affairs

UNDP

United Nations Development Programme

UNECA

United Nations Economic Commission for Africa

UNECE

United Nations Economic Commission for Europe

UNECLAC

United Nations Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean

UNEP

United Nations Environment Programme

UNESCAP

United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific

UNESCO

United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization

UNESCWA

United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Western Asia

UNFCCC

United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change

UNHCR

United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees

UNICEF

United Nations Children's Fund

UNSD

United Nations Statistical Division

URAA

Uruguay Round Agreement on Agriculture

URL

Underground Research Laboratories

USD

United States Dollars


V

VAT

Value Added Tax

VERHI

Valuation of Environment-Related Health Impacts

VET

Vocational Education and Training   

VOTEC

Vocational and Technical Education

VVS

Valeur d'une vie statistique  


W

WAEMU

West Africa Economic and Monetary Union (Benin, Burkina-Faso, Ivory Coast, Guinea-Bissau, Mali, Niger, Senegal, Togo)

WAEN

West African Enterprise Network

WALTPS

West Africa Long Term Perspective Study

WB

World Bank

WBCSD

World Business Council for Sustainable Development

WEF

World Economic Forum

WEI

World Education Indicators  

WEM

World Energy Model

WEO

World Energy Outlook

WGEIO

Working Group on Environmental Information Outlooks

WGIP

Working Group on Inspection Practices (NEA)

WGP

Working Group on Pesticides

WGWMP

Environmental Performance

WGWPR

Working Group on Waste Prevention and Recycling

WHO

World Health Organization

WMD

Weapons of Mass Destruction

WNT

Working Group of National Co-ordinators of the Test Guidelines Programme

WPB

Working Party on Biotechnology

WPDD

Working Party on Decommissioning and Dismantling (NEA)

WPEEPI

Working Party on Economic and Environmental Policy Integration

WPEP

Working Party on Environmental Performance

WPGSP

Working Party on Global and Structural Policies

WPIE

Working Party on the Information Economy

WPISP

Working Party on Information Security and Privacy

WPM

Working Party on Migration

WPNEP

Working Party on National Environmental Policies

WPPP

Working Party on Private Pensions

WPPPC

Working Party on Pollution Prevention and Control

WPSP

Working Party on Social Policy

WPTGS

Working Party on International Trade in Goods and Trade in Services Statistics    

WSSD

World Summit on Sustainable Development

WTO

World Trade Organization