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G20 countries have adopted an Action Plan on Food Price Volatility and Agriculture to ensure stable access to sufficient, safe and nutritious food for everyone. The OECD contributes to several issues on the G20 agriculture agenda:

 

MARKET INFORMATION AND TRANSPARENCY



The 2011 Ministerial Action Plan directs G20 members and relevant international organisations to develop and implement the Agricultural Market Information System (AMIS) initiative and its associated Rapid Response Forum.

AMIS has three objectives:

  1. Improve the information base and to disseminate this information in a transparent manner;

  2. Build capacity to produce detailed commodity market data; and

  3. Facilitate policy dialogue and co-ordination in the event of a concerning development in commodity markets.


As part of the AMIS Secretariat, the OECD has contributed to the Secretariat’s first outputs released in 2011, and this role was acknowledged in the G20 Vice-Ministers report of May 2012. The OECD is also providing support to the implementation of the Rapid Response Forum.


AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTIVITY

G20 leaders committed to sustainably increasing agricultural production and productivity, with a view to bridging the gap for smallholders (Cannes Declaration). G20 leaders requested that the OECD and FAO, together with other international organisations, continue to work closely together to analyse what steps governments might take to help close the agriculture productivity gap in a sustainable way.

These international organisations elaborated a report on Sustainable Agricultural Productivity Growth and Bridging the Gap for Small Family Farms putting together policy options for G20 countries but also for Low Income Countries to close productivity gaps, establish an enabling environment for increased investment in agriculture and establish the relevant conditions for bolstering research and development and improving agro-technologies – taking into account issues pertaining to climate change and resource scarcity.

The final report was welcomed by the G20 Agriculture Vice Ministers’ Report to their Leaders’ and supported by the Leaders themselves in their Los Cabos Declaration, June 2012.

The St Petersburg declaration also emphasises the importance of boosting agricultural productivity "through increased co-ordination in the G20 to promote the identification and implementation of effective actions in support of production and productivity growth". In this regard and in response to a call by G20 Vice-Ministers of Agriculture in May 2012, OECD has developed a framework for analysis of best practice in national approaches to increase sustainable agricultural productivity.


 

EFFICIENCY OF WATER USE IN AGRICULTURE

The G20 Vice-Ministers asked the OECD, the FAO, the World Bank, WFP, IFAD, IFPRI and IICA to provide a report on science based and policy based options to improve the efficiency of water use in agriculture.

Water is a key input to agriculture production, and an increasingly constrained resource globally. Improving the efficiency of water use through technical and policy means is vital for sustainable productivity growth. The OECD is currently working on a report containing comprehensive policy recommendations for immediate and longer-term actions.


OECD CONTRIBUTIONS TO G20