The OECD contributes to several issues on the G20 agriculture and food security agenda:
MARKET INFORMATION AND TRANSPARENCY
Under the French Presidency of the G20, the OECD, jointly with the FAO, coordinated the inputs of 10 international organisations to compile a report that served as a basis for the G20 Action Plan on Food Price Volatility and Agriculture adopted by G20 Ministers of Agriculture in June 2011. The 2011 Ministerial Action Plan directs G20 members and relevant international organisations to develop and implement the Agricultural Market Information System (AMIS) initiative and its associated Rapid Response Forum. AMIS has three objectives:
Improve the information base on crops production, trade, utilization and stocks and to disseminate this information in a transparent manner;
Build capacity to produce detailed food commodity market data; and
Facilitate policy dialogue and co-ordination in the event of a development impacting agriculture in commodity markets.
As part of its Secretariat, the OECD has been supporting the activities of the AMIS since its establishment. The OECD is also providing support to the implementation of the Rapid Response Forum.
In Cannes, G20 leaders committed to sustainably increasing agricultural production and productivity, with a view to bridging the gap for smallholders (Cannes Declaration, 2010).
At the request of the G20, the OECD, together with other international organisations, analysed what steps governments might take to help close the agriculture productivity gap in a sustainable way. In 2012, we delivered a report to the Group on Sustainable Agricultural Productivity Growth and Bridging the Gap for Small Family Farms. The report identifies policy options for G20 countries as well as Low Income Countries to close productivity gaps and establish an enabling environment for increased investment in agriculture. It also discussed the relevant conditions for bolstering research and development and improving agro-technologies. Additionally, the OECD has developed a framework on agriculture productivity, which serves as a self-assessment tool for countries to analyse the coherence of their policy approach for the enhancement of productivity in agriculture. This framework has been applied to three G20 pilot countries: Australia, Brazil and Canada, and it constituted an input into the work of the Development Working Group on food security under the Australian Presidency.
G20 Leaders have repeatedly emphasised the importance of boosting agricultural productivity to enhance food security. In Brisbane (2014), they endorsed the G20 Food Security and Nutrition Framework, aimed at strengthening growth by lifting investment in food systems, raising productivity to expand food supply, and increasing incomes and quality jobs. This multi-year framework refers to the OECD framework on Agriculture Productivity and builds on the OECD – FAO report to the G20 entitled Opportunities for Economic Growth and Job Creation in Relation to Food Security and Nutrition. To operationalise and to facilitate the implementation of the Framework, Leaders in Antalya endorsed the Action Plan on Food Security and Sustainable Food System, which was designed with the support of the OECD.
Under the Turkish Presidency, the OECD participated in the G20 Agricultural Ministers Meeting on 6-8 May 2015. The outcomes of the meeting highlighted the role of the OECD in promoting sustainable food systems. The Ministers also recognized the OECD Policy Framework for Investment in Agriculture as a useful policy guideline for promoting private sector investment, as well as the important contribution of the Framework on Agricultural Productivity. In consequence, G20 Agriculture Ministers and Leaders in Antalya asked the OECD to continue developing and refining the G20 Framework for sustainable agriculture productivity and to provide guidance for the operationalisation of principles on responsible investment in agriculture as well as guidelines on responsible governance of tenure of land, fisheries and forests. Leaders further agreed to set up a platform on food losses and waste, an exercise to which the OECD will contribute.